『고도를 기다리며』에 나타난 부조리 양상
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The background of the theatre of the absurd are Existentialism, Dadaism and Surrealism. The theatre of absurd made its appearance in times when people were frustrated and their lives deprived of meaning and purpose on the vortex of disorder of belief and thought after they lost their God and went through two World Wars. The playwrights who belong to the Absurdist category are Eugene Ionesco, Samuel Beckett, Arthur Advamov, Fernando Arrabal and Jean Genet. This thesis is to examine the absurd situation in the Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot, especially, focusing on the problems of time, space, characters and language in the play. Waiting for Godot is composed of two similar acts. Didi and Gogo are on the stage with only one tree, which symbolizes a road. They are there waiting for Godot. However, Godot never appears on the stage and in fact the story does not tell much about Godot. Beckett does not provide any specific explanation about Godot except emphasizing his ambiguous character. The two characters who are waiting for him seem to do nothing to provoke or stimulate his arrival, except passing the empty time. Among many absurdities in Beckett's play, the problem of time is distinguished. Time itself exists, however, because no real movement takes a place, it really does not pass. Thus, there is no story development in the play. This is the reason why almost all actions in his play goes no farther than human' fundamental situation. Passing time in the static state causes the endless cycles of time which has neither beginning nor ending. With respect to space in the play, Beckett shows characters' struggle to clarify their location on the stage instead of providing the concrete information about the space. The space of the play, Waiting for Godot is bare and very poor to support the story. Along with the problem of time in the play, the problematic space strengthen the unstable situation of characters. The characters use their languages as means to pass the meaningless time. They always try hard to do something, but nothing meaningful takes a place. Regarding characters of the play, four of main characters are presented as two couples: one couple in Didi-Gogo, and the other couple is Pozzo and Lucky. They are considered as markedly different, but in fact their characters are very complementary and independent. The first couple exemplifies man's nature on the metaphysical aspect, and second couple presents man's activity and relationship on the social aspect. To sum up, they constitute the microcosm of a society, and shows archetypal figures of fundamental aspects of human being. In conclusion, through Didi and Gogo who try and despair endlessly like Sisyphus, Beckett shows us that a man does not stop living even if he recognizes his limitation and absurd situation of his life.