학습자와 게임의 분석을 통한 초등영어 지도방안
A teaching method for elementary school students of English through analysis of learners and games
iii, 82 p.
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This study researched the kind of games preferred quite differently by low-grade students and high-grade ones, and the difference of preference by sex, in order to suggest ways to develop and adapt games proper to the students' developmental stage. The conclusions are as follows. (1) English teaching methods are preferred differently, depending on sex and age of students. It was found that most children thought that games were useful for English learning. Therefore elementary school teachers of English education should study proper and effective teaching methods for games. (2) Children's interest in English learning tends to decrease as they grow older. Teachers should be aware of this and try to develop suitable methods for learners, considering age characteristies. (3) Classes used various games, which had positive effects on children's interest in English learning, so games are useful to motivate learners and keep their motivation. (4) Games played by the whole class or in small groups are enjoyed by children because they can participate with other members' help, even though they are not confident or proficient in English. (5) Exciting games from the view of teachers are likely to be failures, unless they are reorganized from the children's view point. The best way is to understand children's interest and demands. Children are the subject to be adapted to the game. (6) High-grade students like more active games. It was expected that they would like less active games. Therefore we should organize games that are more interesting and proper to students' physical and mental development. (7) An interesting finding is that students like to play games with same-sex students, boys with boys, girls with girls, in the low-grade classes(3rd grade) but they like to play games with the opposite sex students in high-grade classes(6th grade). Students are just getting into puberty and they are at the point of progressing through a concrete operational period, to a formal operational period. As educators, we should put the focus of English class on the children, and help them learn independently in English courses. It is effective to give the children proper reinforcement in the class through games. English texts, which contain interesting games suitable for the children's level, should be developed, otherwise teachers should reorganize the text suitable for the children's level. Present texts present too much content and too many learning tasks to be understood and digested. This can make students lose interest in English and hence, dislike English class. The wisdom of teachers is needed to reorganize games suitable for the children, by considering students school grade, age and physical development.