公務員과 敎職員을 대상으로 한 실버타운 開發에 관한 硏究
iv , 98 p.
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This study aims at suggesting the development directions of desirable silver town by grasping the economic level after retirement of public officers and the teaching staff and desire for silver town as a study related to development of silver town for public servants and the teaching staff. In study method, this writer has examined theoretically with respect to the characteristics of public servants and the teaching staff and the concept·characteristics of silver industry and made inquires in order to grasp desire for silver town of public servants and the teaching staff. Study contents include the consciousness of the old age life after retirement of public servants and the teaching staff and economic preparation situation, investigation of consciousness required for development of silver town, desire for silver town and development direction and opinions on the performance of the welfare business of the public annuity management corporation, etc. Before analyzing these investigation contents, the characteristics of public servants and the teaching staff and silver town can be explained briefly as followings. First, a public servant is a person who is engaged in public affairs and means a person in charge of public affairs, and the teaching staff(education public servant) is a public servant who is engaged in education related work. Public servants and the teaching staff are able to keep more economically stable and independent life than other general people because they receive the annuity by which their old age life is guaranteed as an annuity beneficiaries after retirement about giving service to the nation while working continuously for a long time. Accordingly, annuity beneficiaries are concerned about the silver town which offers welfare service such as pleasant residence, useful free time life, reliable medical service, etc. Second, silver town is generally complex facilities with facilities necessary to old people as an old people village or old people residence complex and has a size bigger than a paid home for old folks or sanatorium. That is, it means a complex facilities for old people with residence facilities necessary to group or single residence of the old people who have retired from social life, various kinds of leisure, sports, resort facilities and medical center for old people, old people community center, etc. In the development condition of silver town of Korea, it is being promoted by the type of a complex: residence center(silver town) with various kinds of attached facilities from existing single type. Centering around the above contents, this writer has analyzed the economic condition of the public servant and the teaching staff who work in Gyeonggi-do and consciousness about silver town. First, Investigation on Consciousness on Old Age Life and Economic Preparation Condition The ratio of man and woman showed that man was a little higher than woman and the age was mostly 30s and 40s. In place of residence, most of them were living in cities. With respect to economic preparation condition, monthly saving for old age was relatively high so it was understood that most of them were making assurance in preparation for old age. However, a degree of satisfaction for economic preparation was relatively low. Also, the reason that annuity took the highest as a main income expected for old age was because most of them were dependent on annuity. In acknowledgement on supporting responsibility, most of respondents thought they should support themselves and that living with child was inconvenient. Therefore, they were desiring that they would live separately from child and live in the suburbs of a rural city close to child or an area within a city. Second, Request for Development of Silver Town and Development Directions In the question about acknowledgement or not of silver town, they relatively knew the existence of silver town and most of them thought that silver town is necessary, which shows an investigation able to foresee the development possibility of silver town together with extension of positive acknowledgement on silver town. When they feel inconvenient in moving, they want to move in because they can take suitable protections and services at the time of worsening of health. In the development of silver town, all health management programs and preparation for suitable taking care according to worsening of health should have precedence over others like 'Seoul Senior Town'. Regarding movement expenses of silver town, most of respondents were desiring less than fifty million Won and as monthly maintenance expenses, they were considering fifty thousand Won or one million won a month. This means that the investigation objects's acknowledgement on silver town is low and public servants and the teaching staff's economic situation and saving level for old age mostly depends on annuity. From the fact that they first considered economic expenses at the time of movement in silver town, movement or not of silver town is decided by economic situation. Accordingly, we should be concerned about development of silver town considering such fact. Finally, most of them preferred the government as a desiring subject in the operation and management of silver town and the lowest figure was shown in operation and management by the annuity management corporation. The reason that the respondents preferred the government is because they wished silver town would be operated by a nonprofit and reliable public institution rather than a profit agency. In this study, the annuity management corporation was investigated to be low rate but if it suggests reliable silver town management directions, movement wishers will be more increased and as a method of reducing economic burden of occupants, it is a good way that basic welfare business direction should be given to profit and welfare benefit. As examined through this study, silver town has sufficient sources of further development so if development is made for the direction of reviewing the role of the government, enterprise (annuity management corporation) and old people consumers, silver town will appear as a welfare business with infinite potentiality.