未來 安保環境下에서의 軍 役割에 관한 硏究 : 統一 以後를 中心으로
iii , 59 p.
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In the process of making the new international order after collapsing of the east european bloc and disorganization former U.S.S.R, the foreign policy, national security strategy, and military strategy etc in international society are changing now. The international relationship's characteristic in during of this period is that ideological and geopolitical discord frame declining, but the other hand the security logic in relation with geo-economic's factors, science and information technology are settling down. So after end of cold war, major nations including US are trying to find the new direction of military strategy and power employment's concept, when wondering traditional military role like territory defence, combat and engagement in war. This phenomenon speaks for trends that the security concept is changing from the passive fields of territory preservation and enlargement into the active arena of protection his fellow men from illegal terrorists, natural sources protection, racial and religious conflict, environment contamination, issued social problems, and regional territory conflict. And by the future war's aspect in form of information and knowledge since 1990's, the change of military mission, capability and organization is requested, and the mutual reliance is increased. In the mean time, the figure of world's order isn't appear apparently yet, in spite of 'multipolar system' and 'neobipolar system' is anticipated. Especially, the location of unified korea will be played major variables in center of northeast asia on account of it's own population and military latent power , and the security environment of this area will be complicated due to the reduction of US and USSR's military role, new international relationship, and the emergence of new international axis. So the change of military role and mission is needed essentially, and military's effort is required to insure the security and prosperity of unified nation, considering the uncertainty of security surroundings in northeast asia. At this point of time, military should try to maintain traditional role and find out new one in order to play as the core of national security means. The purpose of this treatise is to figure out the desirable shape and role of military, under consideration of the different types of conflict and the general aspects of future war in post cold war. The followings are those are required conditions after unified korea. The first thing is to enlarge the military role. this means that military has to prepare for different threats, conflicts, security · environment, in addition traditional role. The second thing is that military affairs must be considered in viewpoint of economics. This means that the military affairs could play role in no military area, and have efficient capability. Next things are the desirable military's role in order to prepare the oncoming security environment. At first, as a external roles are, ① participation in world's issues, ② activity's means as a member of international organization, ③ power's employment as a foreign policy execution's means, ④ interest expression's measures in the external activities, ⑤ morality & law observance's means in diplomacy. And as a internal roles are, ① international terrorism countermeasures, ② preventing illegal activity occurrence on the sea, ③ supporting disasters, ④ maintainment the national infra-industry working. In conclusion, this treatise gives chance that the traditional military role is made firmly, and figures out new direction and role to prepare different threats, conflicts, and war in the future.