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國家動員行政에 관한 硏究 원문보기

  • 저자

    김창남

  • 학위수여기관

    水原大學校 行政大學院

  • 학위구분

    국내석사

  • 학과

    一般行政專攻

  • 지도교수

  • 발행년도

    2002

  • 총페이지

    iv, 67 p.

  • 키워드

  • 언어

    kor

  • 원문 URL

    http://www.riss.kr/link?id=T8954756&outLink=K  

  • 초록

    It seems that one of the greatest responsibilities of the nation consists in the protection of the life and property of the people in the light of the spirit of the Constitution that prescribes the dignity and value of man. Therefore, the emergency measures to keep the happiness and safety of the people may be considered one of the most fundamental and important domains. In Particular, it is regrettable that nations that emphasize their national interests today are weakened in their consciousness of national security and emergency measures due partly to the generation of the new peaceful coexistence order as well as to seeming bare possibility of war outbreaks. However, in modern times the concept of security is being shifted from a conventional military-centered to a comprehensive one, including nonmilitary fields. In addition to it, demand for emergency measures against disasters is on the increase besides wartime. Thus it is likely to be intractable with the present emergency countermeasure system not merely to effectively cope with the needs of the times but also captivate national sympathy. With this in view, this study aimed at inquiring into the question as to what concept and role the national mobilization system should pursue today and focused on how we could effectively achieve a national mobilization system that could meet the essence of national mobilization such as rapidity, durability and appropriateness. And then countermeasures fit the situation of the nation were proposed in comparison with those of advanced countries. First, laws and ordinances relative to national mobilization in Korea are dualized into those for ordinary times and those for wartime. It is required to integrate them into one. Moreover, the systematic arrangements, of mobilization orders and procedures, the coverage of mobilization, the classification of mobilization, preparations of mobilization, relations with other laws would contribute to the consciousness and vitalization of national mobilization to keep pace with the needs of the futuristic national defence environment. Second, in the Korean mobilization system inferiorities are shown out of its diversification of the mobilization leadership, authorities of the headquarters, a lack of abilities of the substructure, etc., as compared with that of foreign nations. Therefore, it is recommended to found a unified system that can maximize its combining and synergic effects in order to efficiently cope not merely with wartime but with ordinary times needs. Third, It would be hard for us to expect to overcome crises or triumphs without incessant support in preparedness for the time of national crises or time of war. It is prescribed that materials for wartime should be reserved with those for a range of three months. However, no other concrete specifications were presented of food, energy and the security of metal with high dependency upon overseas countries, notwithstanding a sharp increase of demand for resources. In consequence, it is needed to enact laws relative to the security of proper quantities of, the reserve of strategic materials, control over the using of the materials, etc. Furthermore, the complement of the related laws and regulations is required to be followed to guarantee the production and supply of materials in time of war in the enterprises designated as those of concentrative management. As long as the threat of war exists in the Korean peninsula, the government should incessantly complement and revise the related laws and regulations in order to effectively overcome crises by having a new approach to the national mobilization administration.


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