아유르베다와 인본주의 심리학 비교
(A) Comparative Study on the Humanistic Approach to Psychology and the Ayurveda
아유르베다 인본주의 심리학 상담심리;
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This thesis deals with Ayurveda, Indian philosophy, life science that is recently occupying the considerable attention of psychologists, physiologists, psychiatrists, Chinese and Korean physicians and counselors. It also intends to clarify issues based on counseling for human completion as the whole unifying body and mind by comparing with humanistic psychology. After comparing Ayurveda with a basic view point, a human outlook, the goal of change, treatment process, tools and techniques of humanistic psychology, the research result includes the following points. First, Ayurveda aims at attaining transcendence through the cosmos consciousness and health of body, mind and soul by self-treatment system, for it peruses the balance with the nature based on constitutional theory of three Dosha. Next, the counseling based on Ayurveda and humanistic psychology have a basic principle that all human beings are naturally good and can give full play to their potentiality and creativity for self-realization and heal themselves when their body and mind are healthy. Thirdly, It can show which counseling approach is the most effective. Ayurveda indicates that people can enjoy supreme happiness through tempered life pattern when they live in sympathy with the nature. Humanistic psychology regards human as being developing consistently with intention for self-realization. Based on Humanistic psychology, therefore, interviewees can notice their information by themselves through information offered by counselors and it can maximize the effect of counseling. Finally, two view points, Ayurveda and humanistic psychology insist that human psychological problems should be understood through insight and awareness of his or her own mentality. Both of them also hold the same view that clear and exact understanding about human's own mentality can solve problems completely. Therefore, people can enjoy supreme happiness when they realize their own information and keep it for happy and healthy life through the harmony of peace, love and creation in both points of psychology and medical science. So, these efforts should be made in physical, psychological and mental aspects. Focused on Ayurveda, three elements play important roles in physical and mental health. Each element maintains the function of a thousand million of cells constructing the body. Kapha lengthens the life span of each cell, Pitta offers nutrition for digestion, and Vata controls all life functions related closely to Prana(life energy, universal energy charged with respiration, oxidation and circulation). In other words, the balance among moderate eating, exercises and regular life can bring out perfect health(Sharma, 2001). You can change your life style and live a healthy and wise life by knowing and keeping these three informations. Calm and meditative mind can contribute to mental health. As a way to get mental peace, Ayurveda counsels you to be separated from worldly works and society or not to indulge in the world living in the world. By using these methods, we can observe tenacity causing stresses and live the happiest and most peaceful life without tenacity and stresses. Some rules are necessary for getting this freedom. Ayurveda presents careful eating and well-balanced life pattern as a basic rule(Lad, 1984). Yoga, breathing control, meditation are needed to maintain physical and mental health. It also brings psychological, spiritual and physical freedom to a human being. As mentioned above, Ayurveda makes a great contribution to psychological counseling about causes and solving of a human being and mental problems by comparing Ayurveda with humanistic counseling. Essential research should be preceded in order to be a human being functioning sufficiently as an ultimate purpose of humanistic counseling. It can contribute to the modern people's physical and mental health and find a good foundation for harmonious life. In conclusion, this research introduces the wisdom of Ayurveda and effects of various and specific psychologistic counseling by conveying entire human information gained from comparing Ayurveda with humanistic psychology.