초등학교 전문상담교사의 상담활동에 관한 문화기술적 연구
(An) Ethnographic Case Study on the Counseling Activities of the Professional Counseling Teachers of the Elementary School
초등학교 전문상담교사 상담활동 문화기술;
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This study is about the professional counseling teachers. Although established numbers of professional counseling teachers are coming forward every year, there is no satisfying research or analysis about their work. Moreover the article, "Professional counseling teachers CAN be employed in elementary school" which is Article 33 of the Education Law Enforcement Ordinance, halves the importance of counseling in elementary schools. Therefore, the study about the professional counseling teachers who are leading the counseling education in elementary school is urgent because it is the very start of official education. Consequently, this study is based on the analysis researched from 10 teachers who obtained certificate of professional counseling teachers of Kyoungsangnam-do(province) according to the ethnographic way. This study inspects closely about the present situation and gropes for the solution, based on the daily work and counseling activities of the professional counseling teachers. Counseling activities are classified and analyzed as counseling role, substances, technique and the demand for the counseling. The constructed result acquired from the study about the actual professional counseling teachers through the interview and observation are as follows. First, according to the schedule of professional counseling teachers, counseling activities are performed from self-study class in the morning to special aptitude class after school. And Monday and Tuesday are the busiest days because of whole school morning session, class morning session, and meditation lesson. Also March, April and September which begins semester, and February which finishes semester are the busiest months because higher graders need counseling about their futures. Therefore to enhance the efficiency it is requisite to assign counseling work to the teachers who obtained the certificates. Second, school works and class works put a limit to the adequate time for counseling activities of professional counseling teachers. As the analysis about the subject of elementary school counseling shows, cooperation between professional counseling teachers and homeroom teachers is essential. Futhermore, counseling chamber needs to be instituted for professional counseling teachers to concentrate on their counseling works and thoughtful consideration about the counseling teachers and volunteers needs to be preceded. Third, simplifying the school works and adjustment of the total class hours should be followed for professional counseling teachers to approach their work more systematically. Fourth, elementary schoolers prefer group counseling because they can build up harmonious manner with peer group and dissolve the burden of expressing their own feelings. Therefore propagation of various counseling programs and continuous training about group counseling should follows. Fifth, Office of education should obligatorily allocate professional counseling teachers to every elementary school which is the start of official education to emphasize the importance of school counseling and also support training of qualification and expenditure of counseling activities. In conclusion, current views about professional counseling teachers should be changed, and institution of counseling chamber only for counseling and its related works and effective application of counseling volunteers should follows. Futhermore, Office of education should obligatorily allocate professional counseling teachers to every elementary school and support the expenditure of training of qualification. Therefore, effective school counseling scheme which is based on the consideration of real situation should be groped for quickly to satisfy the diverse desire of elementary schoolers about counseling activities.