만다라 그리기가 초등학생의 주의집중에 미치는 효과
(The) Effects of Drawing Mandala on The Elementary School Students' Attentions
만다라 그리기 초등학생 주의집중 상담심리;
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The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of drawing mandala on elementary school students' attentions. The subject of this study includes students who hope for participating in this study, in the sixth grade of C elementary school in Changwon by random sampling. After dividing them into test group of 20 and controlled group of 20, the preliminary test was taken through the test sheet for ability of attention. Then, test group carried out the drawing mandala program everyday, 24 times for 4 weeks. At first, we researched on the actual condition of students' attentions and analyzed causes with reference to existing previous studies. After conducting various programs of drawing mandala, we selected activities that students are interested in. And then, the program of drawing mandala as a study tool was reconstructed to 4 steps for 4 weeks by one step a week. After conducting the program, both of the test group and controlled group were taken after-test same as the preliminary test. The tool of these two tests was the FAIR test sheet for ability of attention produced by H. Moosbrugger and J. Oehlschaegel, adapted and standardized by Oh Hyun-suk(2002). For processing materials, we identified the homogeneity of test group and controlled group about preliminary test for ability of attention through probation and conducted Two-Way ANOVA on over-all change of subordinate factors of attention, abilities of selection, control and continuity ability, and difference between groups(test, controlled) and tests(preliminary, after) in order to compare test group with controlled group in developing attention statistically. The result of this study shows that drawing mandala can develops subordinate abilities of attention, abilities of selection, control, continuity. Especially, repeating drawing various mandalas has an effect on ability of continuity among attention abilities. Therefore, drawing mandala is effective for developing students' attention. In particular, it is found that there is no meaningful difference between test group and controlled group in control ability as a result of Two-Way ANOVA because of short-term test. Therefore, long-term drawing mandala is expected to develop superior ability of attention.