朝鮮前期 對馬島 貿易에 관한 硏究
(A) study on Daemado-Chosun trade in the period of early chosun
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This study is about Chosun dynasty's trade to Japan, especially to Daemado, an island belonging to Japan, from early Chosun to the japanese invasion in 1592. In this study, the background of the trade between Chosun and Daemado, the historical date on trades to other countries, and the precedents were looked into. As an effort to be familiar with Japan and avoid invasions, Chosun Dynasty used a conciliation strategy by trades, but the increasing members of Japanese put Chosun in a monetary burden. Thus, Chosun Dynasty decided to employ a policy of limitation on the number of Japanese offices staying on the southern beach of Chosun, the number of japanese entering Chosun, qualification for treat as a foreigner, the number of fishermen off the beach, the number of ships for envoys, the dates of staying on the beach, and the roads to the capital, Hanyang. In early Chosun dynasty, the trade was controlled by a certificate for exit and entry which was issued by the government of Daemado, and the types of the trade were consisted of the one which was permitted by the King in exchange of attributes, official one, private one, smuggling, etc.. The traded items, as imported, include fabrics such as cotton, silk, linsey, etc. and Goryodajanggyung(a collection of all the sacred writing of Buddhism), necessities such as rice, bean, etc., on the other hand, as exported, include mineral matters such as gold, silver, copper, sulfur, etc., and luxuries such as dyes, craftworks, perfumery, etc,. While Daemado paid much attention to the trade because from the prospective of a geographic it wanted to remain its economy by trades, the Chosun dynasty paid less attention to it because it just wanted to protect its people from japanese invaders, rather than to seek for profits. As a result of the trade, Daemado gained tremendous profits and a national competition as well by importing the continental advanced cultures.