自治警察制 導入과 警察行政 發展
(The) Introduction of the Autonomous Police System and the Development of the Police Administration
자치경찰제 경찰행정 경찰 자치경찰;
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In Korea, the trend of localization and autonomy is stepping up in every corner of the society. At this point, when analyzing the reality of the operation of national police system, we can easily recognize that there are a lot of problems about the practice of the basic conceptions of police administration, such as political neutrality, democracy and efficiency etc. To solve the problems, I come to the conclusion that there is an urgent need to introduce autonomous police system to this country, which has been successfully adopted and practiced in many countries and will eventually lead this society to the localization and decentralization of power. The aim of this research is to suggest the right direction for the introduction and design the practicable model relating to autonomous police system which will help develop the police administration in our society. As a result, considering the geo-political situation around the peninsula, inexperience of autonomous police system and the global trend of transition in the police system, the right direction for the introduction of autonomous police system should be going toward the adoption of the compromised system reflecting both national and autonomous police system. Even in that case, the local police organization should be for the time being formulated within the integrated local government rather than basic one. However, with respect to the concrete plans for executing the autonomous police system, the maximum legal autonomy should be given to the local police organization so that it could be operated democratically with the participation and control of the community. I readily acknowledge that there are some insufficient sections in this essay. They are as follows; first, due to the overemphasis on the neutralization of the autonomous police system, it was neglected to focus on the introduction of concrete and detailed institution which is essential for the local government's policy to be reflected into police decision making process. Second, This report couldn't make concrete plan for ensuring autonomy and democracy of police administration at the level of basic self governing body(i.e Police Station) because its priorities are put in performance of autonomous police system at the level of integrated local governing community. Consequently, all things considered, there are still some assignments which should be solved in the future. Such things are as these; guarantee of autonomy of the local police organization, the authority of independent investigation, righteous relationship between the chief of local government and local police, enforcement of entire autonomous police system.