영상자료를 활용한 집단상담 프로그램이 중학생의 자아정체감 형성에 미치는 효과
(The) effect on the formation of middle student's ego-identity through group counseling using mass media materials
영상자료 집단상담 프로그램 중학생 자아정체감;
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The purpose of this study is to research changes in middle school students' ego-identity by applying group counseling to them with mass media materials which are helpful to form their ego-identity, and to analyze the effect of the group counseling. I selected at random thirty(30) students who belong to the third year from N Middle School located in Kimhae-si, and divided them into experimental group(15 students) and control group(15 students). Each of the groups are composed of seven(7) male students and eight(8) female students. Regarding program applied for group counseling, in order for middle school third-grader to accept it appropriately, mass media material produced by KBS was recomposed together with character development group counseling program that had been developed by Gyoungsangnam-do Education Office(1994). The group counseling program was applied ten(10) times for two(2) weeks, every seventy(70) minutes one time. As a measuring tool, I used which Lee Seung-Gook(1999) amended and supplemented developed by Park Ah-Cheong(1996a), and reliability was Cronbach's alpha .94. The data of this study were analyzed by using SPSSWIN program, and I applied two-way ANOVA to a difference between group and test in order to find the effect of group counseling program using mass media materials. The results of the study are as follows. Firstly, in comparison with control group, experimental group applying group counseling program using mass media materials showed statistically a significant difference in the average value of ego-identity. Accordingly, group counseling program using mass media materials had a positive influence on the formation of students' ego-identity. Secondly, in comparison with control group, experimental group applying group counseling program using mass media materials showed statistically a significant difference in the sub-area of ego-identity such as independence, self-acceptance, goal directivity, future directivity and familiarity. However, there was no a significant difference between two groups in the only area of leadership.