대학수학능력시험 외국어(영어)영역 독해문항 분석 및 문항개발
(An) Analysis of the English Reading Comprehension Questions in the Scholastic Proficiency Test and Some Suggestions for Its Improvement
대학수학능력시험 영어영역 독해문항 문항개발;
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Scholastic Proficiency Test for University(SPT) is the test for measuring academic abilities of the students who are going on to universities. The test of foreign language(English) is supposed to examine the students' linguistic competence in English. Therefore, if a student gets high scores in the English test, he or she is assumed to be a person with linguistic competence in English, who has the ability to read and comprehend books written in English. The recent situation, however, does not support this assumption. Quite often, we hear that some of the college students who got high scores in the test of English in SPT can not read and comprehend books written in plain English. This study is an attempt to deal with this problem and propose some ways to solve it. Through the analysis of the English test in SPT, I conclude that the problems can be summarized as follows: First, some of the multiple-choice questions exhibit poor answers which are never related to the given passages. These kinds of answers can be crossed out very easily, making them unable to be used as an indicator that distinguishes the students who have English proficiency from who don't. Second problem is that the questions are stereotyped in such a way that each passage has only one question. For example, we often observe questions like 'What is the best title of the following passage?''What is the main idea?''What do you think the author insist in the passage?''Which statement is not correct according to the passage?'among others. Although course these kinds of questions are essential in measuring students' reading comprehension skills. Most of the questions have been repeatedly included in the tests from the beginning of the SPT(It has started in 1994.). Since most of the students are so accustomed with these types of questions that they tend to get the knack of problem-solving techniques, without trying to improve the reading comprehension skills. Such an attitude may not help high school students improve their reading abilities. In this study, analyzing the reading comprehension questions of SPT taken in the recent three years, I have attempted to develope some new styles of questions. The goal of this attempt is, first, to make students study English harder, and second, to help them improve their reading comprehension skills.