中華經濟圈의 發展過程과 展望
(The) Development of Chinese Economic Bloc and Its Prospective
중화경제권 경제교류 중국;
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The main goal of this study is to research the developmental process and prospect of the Chinese Economic Bloc, which is a loosely connected network by Chinese in the People's Republic of China (China), Hong Kong, Republic of China (Taiwan), and overseas Chinese people, mainly in southeast Asia. This study also aims to find out the Bloc's impacts on our country, especially on our economy, and its implications to the relationship between South and North Koreas. The Chinese Economic Bloc has rapidly accomplished much development by establishing the mutual supportive relationship in economies based upon the blood and birth relations of foreign Chinese emigrants centering around China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Specially, after the 1997 return of Hong Kong to China, it tends to be developed at a faster speed, and the volume of mutual trade and investment has also been considerably increased. However, there are several limitations for the Economic Bloc to be an institutional economic entity like EU or NAFTA. First, there is political animosity and system difference between China and Taiwan. Second, the Bloc has nationalistic color that causes an animosity by the international economic system. Third, the nationalistic feeling of overseas Chinese become less and less as time goes, and they become the citizens of their birth country. Forth, the motive of overseas Chinese' economic cooperation with China is not solely depend on their national feeling, rather it is more on economic reasons. In spite of the above-mentioned problems and the fact that the Chinese Economic Bloc is not entirely closed, it is necessary for Korea to minutely watch the changes in the Bloc, especially those of trade and investment patterns in the Bloc. We need to prepare for the possibility that the position of Korean enterprise may become weaker in Southeast Asia. This study shows many implications to Korea. First, we need to form a network for overseas Koreans. We have a large number of overseas Koreans in four big countries, the USA, Japan, China, and Russia. If we could make the best use of this merit, our economy can have a better competitiveness in world economy. For us to utilize this merit, we need to have some active policies for overseas Koreans. From the relationship between Taiwan and China, we can draw many good implications for two Korea's relationship. First, the economic exchange between the divided countries can make a good contribution to the relief of mutual tense. Also, it reassures that the policy of dividing the politics and economics is a good one for a divided country. Second, the Chinese case shows us that economic interdependence can boost national identity and their oneness, which in turn can help their reunification in the future. Third, it shows that two different economic systems can cooperate in so called 'one country, two systems.' Fourth, non-governmental economic cooperation is very important for a divided country. It helps to avoid political difficulties in mutual relationship. Even the history of Chinese emigrants and their present status are very different from those of overseas Koreans, this study displays many important lessons to our overseas trade and investments, and especially to our relation with North Korea.