한국 해군과 일본 해상자위대 간 교류협력 현황과 발전방향
Study on the Military Exchange Status between ROK Navy and the Japan Maritime Self Defense Forces, and Directions of Development for Cooperation
해군 해상자위대 해군력 군사교류협력;
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National interest is the utmost goal for any nation in international relations. This proposition was easily revealed in the recent hot regional issue of the North's nuke plan and subsequent responses of neighboring countries according their own sake. In this context of power dynamics, among nations in the Far East, there has been arms raise of Navy in each country to control the sea for economic, political, or military considerations. Those countries have increasingly divided opinions on issues like the preservation of fishery resources in the 200-mile exclusive economic zone, territorial conflicts in some islands, securing the oil resource transfer and the sea line of international trade at the core of nations' economic development. With the possibility of potential international conflicts via political and military means, the arms raise as well as economic competition is becoming a decisive factor to disrupt the regional peace and security. Especially, Japan has recently stipulated the instructions for neo defense cooperation, from the conventional, for the purpose of ameliorating the U.S Japan ties, and she has been raising arms in multidimensional aspects; the agreement on the joint research plan with the U.S. for the campaign missile defense system, the dispatch of a latest battleship to support the U.S. sanctions on Iraq, the holding of reconnaissance satellite, etc. In addition, Japan has been seen with an air of concern as to her potential nuke raise in response to the North's declaration of nuke holdings. Japanese efforts to raise arms is expected to increase over time, as can be implied from her recent legislation for national emergency, being suspected of its willfulness by neighboring countries that had once suffered from her imperialism. It is hard to deter the arms raise of Japan despite the criticisms and sanction of neighboring countries. One of the reasons is that the distinction between enemy and friendly forces is getting ambiguous these days and so it offers a room for 'self defense.' Consequently, it will be realistically more desirable for Korea to spend efforts on ameliorating international relationships with neighboring countries and to build trust through military cooperation and exchange with them, including Japan. Japan has a strong tie with the U.S., which means the cooperation with Japan will strengthen the Korea's tie to the U.S. as well. It is necessary for ROK Navy to participate in the regional security actions through active military cooperation and exchange with the Japan Maritime Self Defense Forces, and that would help build a higher level of sea power for Korea, and all of these efforts will again offer a channel to ameliorate her national interest. But there are ongoing hindrances to be removed on the way to the active cooperation and exchange between the two powers. Taking a careful look, there are historical and political anti-sentiments that have been posed to the scene of Korea and Japan; several times of Japanese invasion to Korea, 36 year long colonization with its entailed feelings of being victimized, Japanese' distortion of historical documents, property rights of Dok-Do island, issues with Exclusive Economic Zone as to the fishery acts, etc. The legal constraint to the activities of the Self-Defense Forces of Japan by Japanese constitution adds negatively to the military cooperation and exchange of the two powers. Most Japanese are reluctant to her military expansion, and civil high rank officials in the Japanese Defense Agency have constrained the size and scope of the Forces. And the chronic cultural difference between Korea and Japan is said hard to break. A set of possible solutions to this issue is suggested in the main body, separately by field, and as to the directions for development toward active military exchange and cooperation between ROK Navy and the Japan Maritime Self Defense Forces, followings are proposed; increase in the exchange of issues through officials involved, joint sea rescue operation and other humanitarian exchanges, revitalization of information exchanges on the North, various military techs, joint operation to protect sea line to South Asia where both nations' international trades are at stake, and lastly, the information on the emergency plan for the region. Through the military cooperation of the two powers, may the international relationship between Korea and Japan be restructured positively toward mutual prosperity, getting rid of those old mistrust and conflicts lied in-between. And hopefully, this would help build stable peace in the region of the Far East as a whole.