주민자치센터 운영활성화방안 연구 : 창원시를 중심으로
(A) Study on Activating Community Center : Focused on Changwon Local Government
주민자치센터 운영활성화 창원시 주민인식;
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From July, 1999, the Korean Government has been carrying out community government centers for each city. This center is, as a new type of regional community which is appropriate for 21century's information society, to promote the usage of the community center, to run the administration efficiently, and to draw public participation. This purpose of this study is to design a model of a community government center for Changwon. For designing a new model, this research studied characteristics of each administration units such as Up, Myun, and Dong, history of system change, legal status, and needs and basis of functional changes. Also, a relationship between the definition of community and the community government center was considered. To create a model of community government center, residents from 15 Up, Myun, and Dong were surveyed. The summary of the results were followed. First, in satisfaction of using Up, Myun, and Dong offices, males were a little more satisfied than females. 40's and 50's were more comfortable using offices than 20's and 30's. According to occupations, people in agriculture, fishery, forestry, and business had high satisfaction. Students and housewives had low satisfaction. It was suggested that the project needs to include interests of 20's and 30's, females, students and housewives, residents in villas. Second, in how much understood in works of community government center, most of residents do not understand the services and functions of the community government center. Thus, it is needed that its services and functions should be informed to the residents through mass media or public hearings. Third, for the organization of the committee of the community government center, the majority of people think that the committee members should be chosen among specialists by open competition instead of the recommendation. For the operation of the community government center, people showed strong preference of autonomy. Fourth, for the preference of the functions of the community government center, it was surveyed in six parts. Among six areas, people ranked in following order the community service, region welfare, leisure, the community education, the community autonomy, social development. For the working hour, people preferred evening time during weekdays, and afternoons during the weekends. So, the working hours should be considered for the convenience of the users. Fifth, for people's participation in the community government center, 47% of participants in the study answered that they would participate in the community activity with confidence, and the rest said that they would not participate. Thus, the project planners need to consider how to draw people's participation willingly. For more people's participation, the variety of the programs, and the expansion of the facility will be considered. This study can not be generalized in other cities. However, for Changwon city, it may be very helpful for the opening of Changwon community governing center. The main purpose of this center, based on community theory, will create an agency run by the local residents for the activation of the local community.