敎師 性比律에 따른 學校間 學校 組織 效果性 分析
(An) Analysis on the Effectiveness of School Organization According to Teachers' Sex Ratios
교사 성비율 학교 조직 효과성;
- 원문 URL
The purpose of this study is to provide basic information necessary for resolving the sex ratio imbalance of teachers for school effectiveness promotion by differences in the perception of such effectiveness according to sex ratios of teachers and determining effects of the imbalance on the effectiveness. For the purpose, this researcher set the following objectives. First, analyze job satisfaction by teachers according to their sex ratios. Second, analyze organizational adaptation by teachers according to their sex ratios. Third, analyze job achievements by teachers according to their sex ratios. To accomplish these objectives, the researcher conducted a proportional stratified sampling of 360 teachers who were serving at elementary schools as of March, 2003, located in C city, M city, J city, M city and K city. 365 copies of questionnaire were distributed to the teachers. Out of the total copies, 356 were finally collected and used for this study. The measurement device used here was an appropriately modified version of School Organization Effectiveness Test developed by Kim Chang Keol(1983). Data collected here were statistically processed to obtain mean and standard deviation values, and verified using F-test. Results of the study can be summarized as follows. First, job satisfaction by teachers was higher when female teachers were lower in proportion. Second, organizational adaptation by teachers was highest when female teachers occupied less than 80% of the total teachers and lowest when 80 to 90%. Third, job accomplishments by teachers were most when female teachers less than 80% in proportion, followed by more than 90% and 80 to 90% in order. Considering these results, the researcher would make the following suggestions. First, differences in organizational effectiveness in accordance with proportions of female teachers should be analyzed through qualitative studies using interviews or observation rather than quantitative ones in order to determine why such differences are made according to sex ratios of teachers. Second, differences in organizational effectiveness in accordance with proportions of female teachers need to be determined in relation to middle schools. Third, it would be very meaningful to examine relations among the sex ratio of principals, proportion of teachers and effectiveness of school organization. The examination would be very significant because female principals go on increasing in proportion at elementary schools.