남북한 군사통합방안 : 해군을 중심으로
(A) Study on the Unification for South and North Korean Military Forces : Focused on the Navy
남한 북한 군사통합 해군;
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Integration armed forces is the most important issue in the unification of the two Koreas concerning political violence and social order. This study focuses on the principles and the road-map for the military integration between the two Koreas on the bases of lessens from the German case. Furthermore, in this big issue, this study includes detailed discussion on the integration for two Korea's naval forces. Speaking of the fundamental principles for the unification, a peaceful, South's leading, and gradual absorptive is the only option. Under these principles, the two Koreas need to establish mutual military trust. Concerning the details of military integration, firstly, 'Command in Northern Region' is need to be established, and it must play the main role in integration of war capability. As the basic rule for the integration, complete disarming of North's military forces should be done in advance. Then, with thorough selecting procedures, a small number of necessary North's forces can be absorbed into the unified Korean military forces. This integration procedure needs to be accomplished by step-by-step, and the compensation and support measures should come up with to resolve the problems coming along the large cut-down in the size of North's military forces. For the integration of assets and supplies, the general size of unified Korean forces and appropriate possessable weapons should be taken into consideration first. And South Korea's weapon system should come as the main ones, and absorb North's system selectively and partially. However, for the effectiveness of assets and supplies management, most of North's assets needs to be scrapped, or revising or renovating North's systems is necessary. Integration of naval forces must be implemented very cautiously in proportion to the size of unified Korean forces. The size of naval forces including marines is estimated as 100,000 in the early period of the unification. The process should be dictated by the South's Navy. For themilitary resources, most of North's military personnel have to be regained either voluntarily or forcefully with a proper compensation. Only some of petty officers with specialized technologies can be admitted to the unified Korea's Navy. Furthermore, in the integration of the naval forces, the future warfare concept, such as information and high-technology, should be considered. Considering these aspects, North's submarine forces, fast patrol boats with guided missile, and fast landing ships can be absorbed. For the concepts of operations for those newly acquired assets, they would be operated separately, assigned in particular squadrons or type squadrons in relation to the structure of Korean naval forces.