地方議會의 機能活性化方案에 관한 硏究 : 昌原市議會를 中心으로
(A) Study on the Alternatives to strengthen the Functions of Local Council : with Special Reference to Changwon City Council
지방의회 기능활성화방안 창원시의회 의회;
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Local autonomy means that habitants of a certain area organize local autonomous authority based on laws and legal power and habitants themselves elect their own representative and solve their local issues where they have independence from central government. We can find systematic core from local council. Local council is systematic provision and inevitable authority which enable local autonomy as absolute existence. The biggest good point of local autonomy is to overcome uniformity of central government and eventually, to place municipal policies which meet its local situation, of which require local leader in order to do it. Even thought councilmen need capability and specialization as representative of local habitants, in fact, they have lots of unsatisfactory points. Additionally, during past several years and even though local council have lots of developments, local council have still lots of inadequate points. During past 12years, when we see legislative activity of local council, Changwon city council has devoted to lots of efforts to set up complete settlement of localization which develops decentralization of local authority accordingly and finally, authority and role of local council are improved while it is trend that status and position are more improved. However, it is true that there are somewhat insufficient points of local council's functional activities which are not better than local inhabitants expect due to various problems. This means that citizens' role expectations toward city council are enlarged and strengthened greatly but, role and function of local council does not reach expectations that citizens wish. Therefore, in order local council come up with expectations of citizens' changes positively, legislative activities until today should be evaluated and correct assessment should be taken. Based on them, it should be established desirable council activity's image. And internally, sound competitions between each council members should be induced in order to proceed active legislative activities. Past time is period that local council's existence itself is meaningful while today is period that local council is doing more materialized procedures of it authority and function and finally, it finds out meaningness of council's existence through results of its activities as administration watch-dog, policy maker and person who solve habitants' issues. By this authority and function, local council could get respect and confidence as representative authority and could proceed active, efficient right on accelerative globalized era. The society of future will be the society that competitive power of localization is competitive power of its nation. It is said that globalized world's future will be era of single economic belt where border disappear. Therefore, Korea's future of 21st century depends on competitive power of local self-governing authorities. However, like current situation, unless consciousness and attitude of central government are changed, local self-governing authority's future in Korea will be hopelessness. Per local self-governing authority, measures for local competitive power improvements have not been existed but, measures for restraints and regulations have been continued. Even though figures of public officials are not important, thinking method and activities of public officials are the matter. Structure and figure of organizations and authorities are not the question. It is the question that what kind of work and how much of work are mentioned authorities doing? From now on, persons in charge of policies reform at central government should be changed more truly and practically.