최승자 시에 나타난 실존의식 연구
Existential consciousness shown in Choi Seoung-Ja's poems
최승자 시 실존의식 국어국문학;
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Most important thing in Choi's poems is existential consciousness. Existential consciousness conflicts with given reality and has power to make its way because it has an active vision for itself and the world. It allows people unravel the deception of reality which blocks into truth in the basis of substantial forms of reality, helps select a true life, and makes them realize that they should have responsibility for their selection because otherwise they might involve into self-deception. Also, existential consciousness can be expected more vividly when individual, substantial expressions, which are generated from the relation to others, are explained in a sensitive and emotional way. In case of Choi, the role and expression of such existential consciousness are represented by her poems or the creational behavior itself. She endlessly conflicts with others and wander around until she find a meaning as human being. At this point she unravels her inner conflict in a way of innocent expressions. Consequently, Choi at last arrives at a dictum, " Existentialism is humanism". In other words, she goes beyond the inner conflict, which is resulted form the relation to others, by establishing a new relationship. Choi's opposition to others is mostly due to the fear for death or the wrenched love. And she is also opposed to herself, which means that the opposition to others is just the product of the opposition to herself. In order to overcome such opposition she employs both methods, one in a long term a image of birth, the other in a short term conciliation with others and the acceptance respectively. However, existentialism, in nature, never have a specified result, and always changes its form by new selection, so the reason for Choi's fear who selects reconciliation with others is based on the fact that she well knows her instinct spirit for freedom and change. Existential consciousness puts her in fear because it provides her with freedom for endless change. This study suggests poem writing as a method to overcome the fear or the conflict. She finds by writing poems a clue which allows her make a connection between her and others beyond time and space. In addition, she finds by it the meaning as a human being. The thing which makes Choi to conflict in reality in the process of establishing relation to others and seek for change is existential consciousness. In conclusion, putting her to write poem is existential consciousness, which is emerged in the relation to others.