延邊 産業構造發展에 關한 硏究
(A) Study on the Improvement of the Yanbian (China)Industrial Structure
연변경제 연변산업구조 일반경제;
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The economic system in Yanbian was small-scale as self-sufficient form under the conventional planned economy structure. The economy has been rapidly developed since open-door policy, and especially at the end of 1990 the 3^(rd) industry has rapidly expanded in the area of Yanbian. It seemed that the local economy was in a prosperous condition at one time, but there were many problems as a matter of fact. In the case of the 1^(st) industry, of which business was mainly cultivation, the income of farmer didn't show growth but the burden grew heavier. In the case of 2^(nd) industry, the mining, which mostly depend on the natural resources, hold a great part. In the field of manufacturing industries, the light industries using the agricultural products and the low-class material industries on the base of forest products were developed. However the processing industries, which required relatively high technology and lots of capital, remained in a very low level. So, the labor-intensive light industry with low technical level and production efficiency formed the main industrial structure. As the result, the industrial structure couldn't escape the backwardness compared with the average of nations. I tried to prove the disutility by use of lost of statistical data for that point. The 3^(rd) industry has most actively developed as open-door policy was carried out. The distribution and restaurant business became the most important industry. However, the scale was too small and the level was too low, so it couldn't meet the demands of grown economy. A new type of service industry shall be developed. I pointed out the problem of industrial structure in Yanbian - the 3^(rd) industry has excessively expanded even before the 2^(nd) industry took place. I also mentioned the influence by the change of surrounding economic modes and the adjustment of mid- and long-term industrial structure. When selecting the industry in Yanbian, the people shall give up the conventional types which focused on enterprises producing commodities for domestic markets. They shall make target to the markets out of Yanbian and in addition to the international ones, and make efforts to develop the leading industries on priority basis. As the scale of domestic market is very small in Yanbian, if selecting industry only on the base of domestic needs, the scale of industry will be minimized as a necessary consequence. Therefore the industries can't run on extensive scale nor the competitiveness be strengthened. Concentrate the investment for the specific industries with competitiveness in domestic and abroad markets and cultivate them to key industries. On the consideration of the current state and problem of industrial structure in Yanbian, development plan of the interested nations surrounding the Duman River, mutual control and mutual co-operation synthetically, the kernel in adjusting industrial structure on Yanbian is to cultivate the self-support power by accomplishing the optimum industrialization. Moreover in the view of long-term, the cultivation of the 3^(rd) industries related to material handling will be desirable as Yanbian has advantageous geographical terms for developing the area of Dooman River.