L.v. Beethoven piano sonata Op.57 에 대한 분석연구
(A) Study on the L.v. Beethoven Piano Sonata Op.57 "Appassionata"
Beethoven piano sonata 음악;
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L.v. Beethoven who made an important progress in the development of piano music tried a revolutionary composing technique and an innovational musical motive preluding the romanticism of the 19th century in his own way. At the beginning of Romanticism, which was developed new thoughts and activities, showed changes of each social field.(e.g. arts, science, philosophy, etc.) The composing techniques of romanticism begun by Haydn and Mozart in the 18th century were completed by Beethoven. His music reflects his own recondite view of life, and originality, especially his piano sonatas. Among his music, piano works were important. Among his works, a total of 32 piano sonatas are important examples showing his splendid composing ability and creativity. He maintained foundational frames of classical sonata, on the other hand he made frames to expressed his insides well. This study divides his piano sonatas into works of three different periods based on the related literatures, analyzes the composing techniques and the structural characteristics of his works in each of these periods. The purpose of this study is to propose some effectual techniques for performance based on the understanding of the composer's intention. A composer Beethoven who was the role of a sort of classicism and romanticism bridge, and his piano sonata was a masterpiece which was combined classicism's forms and romanticism's techniques. Beethoven's musical characters with passion and tenseness are well expressed throughout this dramatic work, and it follows regular classical form of three movements which followed the order 'Allegro - Andante - Allegro' In Appassionate, which expressed his musical inspiration with techniques of composing and technical skills, all the movements are closely connected in rhythms and harmonies showing beauty from the regularity and stable structure. It exemplifies the harmonious development of the theme, the contrast of extended antithesis, the crossing of precipitous accent, and the disuse of the repetition of the introduction for the first movement, all of which broke from the conventional methods of the classicism. It exemplified romanticism sonatas, because it has various similarities forms of motive and development of the first movement and the third movement. In the first movement's factor of theme is used factor of rhythm in the third movement, and in the first movement's factor of melodies are still used in the third movement, and' beating motive' in the first movement often appears at the final. In order to present the composer's intention and fundmental meaning of this work, the performer must train his technical skill and sensitize his sensibility.