박완서 소설 연구 : 성장 소설적 면모를 중심으로
(A) study on the analysis of novels Park Wan-Seo
박완서 소설 성장 소설 작품분석;
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In this thesis I have reviewed the aspect of growth novel of Korean novels, and investigated the factors of growth novel in the novels of Park Wan-Seo. The growth novels of Park Wan-seo[Who has eaten up the Singa?] and [Has there been the mountain really?] make us to understand our period deeply by revealing the city and Korean War, which are the most troublesome space and time, have destroyed the growth of a girl. and they make us figure out our society which could not overcome the war including the meaning left behind the ruling period of Japanese imperialism, and the confrontation of ideology still under the situation of partition and the problem of dispersed families. In this text, the process of modernization of our country in which two kinds of aims, Western Europe and tradition exist together. the protagonist " I " has had no choice but to be destroyed as she could not know the right goal and direction of modernization, and she had no person to educate her. The destroyed growth through city and war appers as follows. Firstly " I " becomes to have " consciousness of outsider " who remains at circumference instead of staying in the center of life through the coures of growth to live isolatedly not able to belong to any side and through the experience of city which make her feel disillusioned. Secondly, even though “ I " tries to go forward to the direction of modernization but suffers confusion, and is not able to decide the goal and direction as she has no one to educate her. Even though her mother and elder brother should be the persons to educate her, but they can not educate her because they have a lot of inconsistency. Elder brother is the victim of ideology and die during the war as his spirit and body were broken. All the educators dropped to the burden of " I " instead of assisting right growth and exist as persons to make her feel illusion. Thirdly, " I " has strong desire for survival rather than modernized idea like ideology and national consciousness. Through the experience of war she fells the illusion to ideology and become to recognize that only the survival is important. The characters appear in this text affect a lot on the growth of " I " but they fair to become the educators to guide her in right way. " I " grows passively by receiving in guidance from the educators and feel the illusion from the city and war. She has to get the food through even stealing things, and feed her family even currying favor to other country. And though she hates her mother, finally she does not hesitate the way that her mother has walked and lives similar life as her mother. The desire of spiritual survival also act on the desire of survival of " I ". The desire of physical survival requires the money and food, but the desire of spiritual survival appears as the restoration of hometown. It finds the substance through the literature of " I ". The man who finds out the goal even in the desperate situation and finds out philistinism and falsehood as a novelist and can have the world of novel to restore the substance. In the consistent theme of the novel of Park Wan-Seo, nature, life and restoration of substance the centripetal point of restoration is her hometown. The unity with nature without any discord may have given self-confidence and self-consciousness and made her recognize the importance of life. When we see the characteristics of life and affirmation are filled in the bottom of sneering criticism which is the main stream of Park Wan-Seo`s novel, we can confirm that the experience of young age have affected her world of consciousness. And when we see the destroyed growth process through the meeting the illusions like the city and war in this text , we can acknowledge our the process of modernization of our country without any goal and method and also the appearance of our society in which the inconsistency of the order of old era exist combinedly. The fact that we can not throw away the feeling as if to become worms make us feel actually the fact that our society still cannot overcome the war as parted period, and remember the situation of wrath and despair lively. The novelist Park Wan-Seo has given us the chance to contact tangible appearance of life and feel the breath of life and recognize the foundation which forms today`s society by reappearance of situation of society and custom and man`s mind of the era from 1930`s and 1950`s in which her life has been unfolded the mostly intense. We can see the limit of this text is the lack of consciousness of challenge to the future. " I " in the text seeks for the goal and method through the literature which acts as the desire of survival of " I " , but wants to stay in easy life rather than to improve her life with positive consciousness of challenge. It also may be understood the limit of our society. The growth novel is based on the view point to see ourselves and a view point of optimistic human being to believe the possibility of development, and also make us have view point of value to see our culture positively. In this text we can understand the society through the growth of an artist, and make us have a chance to recognize the necessity of consciousness of challenge to the better life of future by trying to live present life perfectly through utilizing passes period as fertilizer.