북한의 전후 소설 연구
(A) Study on the North Korean Post-war Novels
북한문학 문예정책 북한 전후 소설;
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The significance of studying North Korean literature can be found in the unification literature view in which South Korean literature and North Korean literature should be unified. However, many studies on North Korean literature in South Korea has focused on the writers who were discharged from the ban to read their works. It is due to the limited access to the materials. Up to now, the courses on North Korean literary works are limited to the simple introductory ones. Thus, this thesis deals with the individual North Korean literary works within the boundary of North Korean political entity. It is since Korean War that North Korea has developed their own literature different from that of South Korea. It is because the tendency towards the polarity of the ideology since Korean War is the characteristic of North and South Korea literature. In the literary history of North Korea, the era after the War is named 'the era of founding the socialism', and many novels were written. Novels are categorized into two: those expressing their will to reconstruct their socialist country after the war, and those to establish their spiritual tradition. In the first category, In the Trial is the representative. The novel begins with the transfer of Lim Taeoon, a member of college faculty, to steel plant. His transfer from the 'theoretical' college to the 'practical' plant means to put their socialist theory into practice. It represents the social realism in which the novelist should participate in the production field to vividly represent the laborer's life. Lim Taeoon suggests a new method to produce steel. However, the old generation laborers try to stick to the old method from Japanese colonialists. Centering around the method to produce steel, they are in struggle. In this novel, the old generation still have the remains from bourgeois class consciousness, and at the same time the object to overcome. Since the new generation participates in the production more actively than the old generation, the new is going to win in the struggle between the new and the old. In other words, the new generation laborer, Lim Taeoon is a pioneer in the production field, putting his theory into practice. North Korea after the war needs to verify and inform their victory. In this process, they can encourage their people's patriotism and will to reestablish their own country. Gaema Plateau dealing with the victory in Korean War is the representative work in this category. This novel begins with the escape of Kim Kyungseok from Japanes draft. He comes home and welcomes the independence from Japan and experiences the Korean War. He joins the Communist Party, and suggests many ways to help the poor people. During the war, the author portrays many brutal scenes done by South Korean and American soldiers. It encourages the readers to heighten their will to defeat the enemy and to reconfirm their patriotism. This novel, also, deals with the reconfirmation of Kim's faith through the love affair. He was engaged in Sunhee, but he is conscious of the class gap between him and her. Thus, while he works for the people in the Communist party, he falls in love with the comrade Kyesook. Even though their love story is often criticized as the weak point in the plot, the true comradeship and love in the communism are heightened in the story. And Kim is not only a hero in reestablishing their country, but also a human through the love affair. During the era of establishing their own socialism after the war, North Korea starts to found their tradition on socialism. The established tradition serves as a spiritual root to stablise their devastated society. Seolbong San makes the readers identify the revolutionary anti-Japanese spirit through General Kim Ilsong. Han Hakchol organizes the farmer's union and resists the Japanese force. The activities of the organization are due to Seolbong San's geographical features. A farmer's union member Kyungduk gets caught in the anti-feudalism resistance. It leads to many family tragedies such as his mother's spying, her suicide, his sister Sundok's arrest under the suspicion of her mother's murderer. However, Sundok shows the reader the unbreakable will against the Japanese enforcement. It means that she who is a member of the farmer's union becomes a typical strong figure for socialism. The forces of Korea against Japan were in struggle abroad as well. In Gando, a young general Kim Ilsung leads his resistant forces. His status was elevated to that of God. Han Hakchol thins that the domestic revolutionist should join Kim Ilsung. Kyungduk escapes to do more active participation in the farmer's union and then was determined to join Kim Ilsung. It means that the active participation in the union is a preparatory step towards Kim Ilsung forces. North Korean literature regards Kim Ilsung as the leader of anti-Japanese resistance. By idealizing Kim Ilsung's achievements, they have tried to make Kim's idea and thought their tradition. Post-war North Korean literature exerts their own energy towards founding a new communist society and identifying their tradition. To form a new society, a new leader starts to make society new. In this process, literature serves as ideology to agitate the public and power to make a future society.