지각운동 프로그램이 발달상 학습장애를 수반한 뇌성마비아의 기초운동능력에 미치는 효과
(The) Effect of a Perceptual-Motor Program on the Basic Motor Ability of Cerebral Palsy with Developmental Learning Disorders
지각운동 학습장애 뇌성마비아 기초운동능력;
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The purpose of this research through the perceptual-motor program is to investigate and verify the effect on the basic motor ability of juveniles with cerebral palsy accompained by developmental learning disorders. The experiment has been made on 3 children under the age of schooling who have cerebral palsy with developmental learning disorders. The training has given to them 45 minutes 3 times a week, totally for 15 weeks. In order to figure out the effect of the program on those disabled children, the results from the tests of visual motor coordination and position in space have converted into the perception age score, which may tell what age they belong to psychologically, comparing with the standard perception ages. and from a qualitative point of view on the objects postural and movement, the observations on five different areas, such as head control, midline orientation, weight bearing, dissociation movement, have been carried out through te program to obtain accurate results. The results from to obtain accurate results. To begin with, it seems that the perceptual-motor program has a positive impact on the improvement of the visual motor coordination(VM) of those object cerebral palsy children with developmental learning disorders. for instance, an eight-year old girl whose VM perception converted age 3 years has improved to 5 year-old one in visual motor coordination, which means an improvement of 24 months after the program. other 3 year and 8 month- old girl and 6 year old- boy whose visual motor perception ages were both 6 month-old, and 3 years and 9 month-old ones respectively in terms of visual-motor coordination, which means the program has made improvements of 15 months and 6 months for each child. For the second thing, this program has also shown to make the object children remarkably better in terms of postion in space (PS). A boy whose PS age was 3 years and 3 months before the test has become a 4 year and 7 month-old one in terms of perception of PS, which means an improvement of 16 months. Other two children were 2 years and 8 months old, and 4 years old in space position age before the training, and they has become 4years and 7 months old, and 4 years and 7 months old respectiveIY in PS age. In other words, the program has improved the children's position in space ability as well. For the last thing, in addition to those positive results mentioned aboved, this program has seemed to have another critical influence on the fundamental posture and movement of these children. The children had various difficulties making normal posture and movements before the experiment. but, as the training in connection with head control, midline orientation, weight-bearing, dissociation and coor야nation movement on the regular base has given to them continuosly, their attempts to reach their arms to hold thing while looking at them with their eyes open, and their trials to look and feel the thing they are holding have increased prominently. And also, from their prone position, sitting position, standing postion and walking, it has been observed tghat they are getting partially used to normal posture and movement for themselves through aligment body operation. Through 15 week-long perceptual-motor program, the conclusions we have come to about the effect of the program on the basic motor ability of juveniles with cerebral palsy accompalned by learning disorders are following: First, perceptual motor program has had a great impact on the improvement of the visual motor coordination of juveniles with cerebral palsy accompained by developmental learning disorders. Due to the limits of their posture and movement normally, they had a difficult looking at and touching, but thanks to the perceptual motor program, they have improved their perception age and increased the rate of attempts to make normal posture and movements. Second, this program has seem to contribute to the improvement of those disabled children's position in space perception as well. Through the training, they have developed the sense of handling and making movements as well as improved their position in space perception age. Finally, this program has made a number of changes of basic motor ability of those disabled children. By increasing the stability of their body, they have decreased the rate of shaking their body while walking, but they have rather increased the rate of keeping their head in the milline.