초등학생 대상 인터넷 학습 사이트 : 그 종류와 이용 현황
(The) Utilization of Educational Web Sites by Elementary Students : Its Types and States
교육심리 및 공학전공
초등학생 인터넷 학습 학습 사이트 이용실태;
- 원문 URL
According to developing the Information Communication Technology in the knowledge-based society, elementary students are popularly using the several internet sites for their study. Most students in the elementary school are practically using the Web sites for their learning, chatting, hobby, and so forth. They devote their time to a task or pass away time with utilizing the Web sites. Therefore, it is important to research the types and states for the utilization of educational Web sites. The purpose of this study was to examine what type of learning web sites for elementary schoolers there were, what kinds of materials they provided, in which way such materials were supplied and which educational web sites elementary schoolers frequently logged on to, and to what extent they were in use. The methods of this study are divided into the previous study and the real survey. The previous study was only referred to devise the survey sheets of schooler's use of Web sites. The real survey was conducted to 363 elementary students of the 5th grade in Changwon Educational district. The instruments used in this study were designed through consultation with an expert educator to suit the purpose of the study. Two instruments were hired such as Types of Web Sites and States of Educational Web sites. Web sites were investigated by using those instruments, and a survey also was conducted by utilizing it. To find out what types of learning sites existed, statistical data on frequency and percentage for each type of educational sites were obtained, and their characteristics were defined. In order to see how much elementary schoolers put learning web sites to use, frequency and percentage were calculated, and χ^(2) test was implemented. The findings of this study were as follows: First, most of the learning web sites supplied text materials. Text and animation types of data were provided by 42 out of 60 sites, which covered the whole textbooks. Live-image and lecture materials were offered by 16 and 18 web sites respectively, which were less than text and animation data. Second, as for each web site's characteristics, the web sites run by educational institutes could be called a sort of department store for learning materials. They supplied a huge amount of data for every grade and every subject including optional courses. Most of the portal sites had users find data through searching engines, and provided text and image materials free of charge. The majority of the educational sites offered charged services, being characterized by tailored membership management. When students joined them, they provided learning and evaluation materials to address each member's needs, and made an evaluation of their grades on a regular basis. Third, concerning use of the Internet, most students utilized frequently 47 sites, for example, game, music, hobby, portal, school and educational sites. But they prefer the 20 game nets out of 47, and followed by portal, educational and hobby in orderly. However, their preferred types of sites are portal, educational, hobby in that order. Fourth, among 58 learning sites they used to study, the learning sites made up the greatest group with 28, followed by portal, game, hobby, music and school web sites. The portal sites were most widely utilized to study or do homework, followed by learning and music sites. The portal sites were also most largely used to e-mail or do something for pleasure, followed by music and learning sites. The portal sites were also most frequently utilized to play games or have a chat, followed by hobby and game sites. Fifth, concerning the weekly frequency of using the learning sites, 6 out of 10 students who are made up the greatest group logged on to them once or twice a week. A few, 2 or 3 out of 10 students, utilized them three or four times a week. Specifically, one or two out of 10 students used them almost everyday. So far, several findings in this study are described. However, this study has some limits. For example, sample observations are limited only 363 elementary school students of the 5th grade in Changwon educational district. If an opportunity to study this theme would be given, such limits have been overcome. Furthermore, it is expected that solving problems stemming from the utilizing the Web sites and its efficiency in next study.