노인의 재혼태도 연구
(A) Study on the Remarriage Attitudes of the Elderly
노인 재혼태도 노인재혼 노인복지;
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The purpose of this study is to find out the remarriage attitudes of the elderly, by analyzing not only what elderly people think about their remarriage and also what they think about their own and their spouse's remarriage, and how the socioeconomic background, the relationship between couple, and the relation between elderly parents and children have influence on the attitudes of remarriage. Data for this study is based on a study of 184 elderly residing in Changwon City, Gyeongnam. This study reveals four important findings. First, the elderly involved in this survey shows higher acceptance about elders' remarriage(52.7%) and their spouse's remarriage(57.6%), as compared to their own's remarriage (32.6%). Second, elderly's attitudes toward remarriage were influenced by their soci-economic background. Elderly male was more positive than their female counterpart. Ane elderly who are healthy, have higher education level, higher income, had a fixed income, and had no religion showed more positive attitudes toward remarriage.. However, the level of participation in leasure activities had no significant impact on the attitudes toward elderly's remarriage. Third, the attitude of currently remarried elderly were more positive than the elderly whose partner has passed away. Marital satisfaction had influence on the remarriage attitudes. The elderly who had higher marital satisfaction showed positive attitudes toward remarriage, compared to the elderly who had lower marital satisfaction. Marital status also made difference on elders attitudes toward remarriage. Elderly who are now remarried or co-habit reported more positive attitudes compare to elders who are maintain first marriage or being widow/widower. Fourth, parent-child relationship variables also made differences on older adults' attitudes on remarriage. Co-residence with adult children didn't make any significant differences but elders attitude was more positive when they live with unmarried children. Among 3 types of solidarity, only affectional solidarity made differences on elder's attitudes toward remarriage. Elders who reported higher affectional solidarity with their adult children reported negative attitudes toward remarriage than elders reported middle level of affectional solidarity. Further studies need to explore how the solidarity between elderly parents and adult children have influence on the parents' attitudes toward remarriage and how the level of the solidarity has influence on the difference between older adults' attitudes toward remarriage should be studied. Over 88% of the elderly who agreed remarriage reported that they will consider their children's thoughts on remarriage. Since 42.9% of older adults' income come from their adult children, adult children's attitudes toward parents' remarriage as well as the elderly's remarriage attitudes should be included in the study on the older adults' remarriage. To help adult children's understanding about their elderly parents, family life education program need to be developed and provided.