초등학생의 가정환경에 따른 정보격차 분석
(A) Study on the Impact of Family Environments on Digital Divide among Elementary Schoolers
초등학생 가정환경 정보격차 정보불평등 정보활용능력;
- 원문 URL
The purpose of this study was to make an experimental analysis of the impact of the family environments of elementary schoolers on their information-related family environments, information awareness, information use and information literacy. The subjects in this study were 323 students in their sixth year from six elementary schools and five elementary schools in different geographic regions in south Gyeongsang province. The former schools were located in the cities of Changweon and Jinhae, and the latter was located in rural areas of the two cites. The selected student background factors included information-related family environments, gender, geographic region, father occupation, father education and monthly family income, and the selected variable were information awareness, information use, and information literacy. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS program, and crosstab and x^(2) were conducted. The findings of this study were as follows: First, their computer penetration rate, which was crucial part of information-related family environments, stood at 97.5 percent, which was fairly high. It's under the big influence of parent occupation and monthly family income. Especially, the latter variable had a greater impact. Second, regarding parents' concern for child computer use, which was part of information-related family environments, their parents paid more attention to their use of computer when they resided in the urban regions, their fathers had better occupations, their fathers were better educated or their monthly family income was greater. Third, as for parent computer literacy, higher computer literacy was owned by the parents who had better occupations, were better educated or earned larger monthly income. Fourth, regarding their awareness of information-related occupations, only 49 percent were cognizant of such jobs, and most of the students just heard about them(44.9%) or had no idea(39.9%). Fifth, as to their overall information awareness, those who were girls, who resided in the urban areas, whose fathers had better occupations, or whose mean family income was higher, were better aware of information. Sixth, in regard to information use, 71.9 percent played computer games a lot. Specifically, there was a broad gap between the boys and girls in playing computer games. Seventh, those who were girls, or whose monthly family income was larger, took advantage of more information. Eight, the children whose fathers were better educated, or whose monthly family income was higher, were better at information literacy.