야간경관조명을 고려한 건축물 디자인에 관한 연구 : 김해시를 중심으로
(A) study on the Architecture Design Considering Lightscape : Focused on Gimhae
야간경관조명 건축물 디자인 김해시;
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For a visual illumination, first of all we have to make certain the objects and functions of illumination. Safety, visual satisfaction, promotion of the amenity etc. we have to know whether it satisfies the functions above one. For example, as a bollard illumination lights the sidewalks and the trees simultaneously, it functions as a assistant illumination for a safety walk and a decoration for the trees in same time. To get the both objectives, we need harmonious plans. And then to get the general plans, first we need to know how bright the environment is?, how large it is?, what shape it is?, how large it`s surface is?, what large it`s surface is?, what material it made of?, what color it has? etc. And we have to excite the moving people. As we light suitably between spaces through a visual approaching directions and continuous designs, we should grant comparisons and variety. We have to make people feel the far and near and the depth with a change of brightness and visual point. Furthermore it is important to maintain the whole balance between a circumferential space and a visual illumination. For a producing a night view at a building and a visual illumination at a street, we should make firm the a characteristic of the street and the function of a street at a city, and devise a visual illumination plan according to the distributed street facilities, and find a direct design ways in a visual illumination With base on case study of a night visual illumination at local city, Gim-Hae and a night visual illumination ways about buildings, this study reach the next five conclusions about a night visual production techniques with regard to a night visual illumination. Firstly, in part of a building design we should recognize the identity of a city and then understand the character of the street. For the harmony with a public facilities like a cultural assets, a museum, we should recognize the environment and that forms a part of a public street. Futhermore if there are sidewalks and a park, we should consider the design techniques of a night visual illumination. Secondly, in part of a building design we should recognize the functions of a buildings about street and the types of surrounding buildings. Because the type of surrounding buildings conclude the night view of surrounding buildings and a type of action, we should recognize the type of surrounding buildings and pursue a harmony with surrounding building. In the office street, the night visual illumination has a poor constitution, depends on the light from the inside of buildings mostly, depends on a visual illumination like a outside-attached-facilities and a gardening, has a different line of action compared to the pedestrians around a leisure buildings. So according to the type of surrounding buildings there should be different techniques in a night visual illumination. Thirdly, I want to suggest a night visual illumination techniques in case of the type of complex-buildings are preponderant. At a mid-small city of our nation, when there is not a local autonomous entity at the business district the consumption facilities like a leisure buildings, a selling shop, a residential buildings, etc. took a great part. But now office buildings and public facilities are falling into line. If complex-buildings take a great part at the local mid-small cities, building designs with regard to a night visual illumination should use both a situational mass techniques and a situational illumination techniques. Fourthly, For a number of disorderly store sign and oversupplied radiation does not daze people, proper architectonic rules should have control of establishing a store sign and a light and the intensity of radiation. And techniques like lighting the surface of a wall, lighting a structure, forming a eye-stop are needed. Not pursuing a maximum business with excessive advertising, but inducing pedestrians into a shop with recognition from a street is considered as a technique with regard to a night visual illumination. Fifthly, as a technique using a vacant land like a pocket space, a passage caused by a setback of building`s line or a vacant land above two we should establish a night visual illumination to the gardening and facilities attached to a buildings. From when the relational laws and regulations started on, by Planed Unit Development(PUD) the utilizing a vacant space in a site will increase, and the increase of pocket space in a site is expected. To make the best use of these vacant space day and night we should consider both a building design and a visual illumination design. As above, from the first stage when we start a new building on, we should consider building design with regard to a night view. And after a building is finished, we should maintain a continuous management and development. Thus, building design with regard to a night visual illumination can be possible as a designer does public service. But in order to produce a urban view there are some legal incentives for the people who has relations to a building at a local autonomous entity. From a local autonomous entity started on, each local autonomous entity should have an interest in a night view, and develop policies positively as considering a night view as a developing the sightseeing resources. That a foreign tourist goes sightseeing for 24 hours can make us earn more income and is necessary for a regional development. Also, systemic provisions that can improve the night view, develop the existing night view of buildings and street should be lay down.