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대안적 리더십·조직문화·학교 재구조화·조직효과성의 인과관계 분석 원문보기
(The) Analysis on the Causal Relations among the Alternative Leadership, Organizational Culture, School Restructuring, and Organizational Effectiveness

  • 저자

    이정훈

  • 학위수여기관

    창원대학교 대학원

  • 학위구분

    국내박사

  • 학과

    교육학과

  • 지도교수

  • 발행년도

    2003

  • 총페이지

    vi, 163p.

  • 키워드

    리더십 조직문화 학교 재구조화 조직효과성;

  • 언어

    kor

  • 원문 URL

    http://www.riss.kr/link?id=T9469852&outLink=K  

  • 초록

    1. The purpose of the study The purpose of the study is to investigate the causal relations among the alternative leadership, organizational culture, school restructuring, and organizational effectiveness. The specific problems of the study were as follows: First, is there any correlation among alternative leadership, school organizational culture, school restructuring and organizational effectiveness as teachers perceived? Second, do causal relations models among alternative leadership, school organizational culture, school restructuring and organizational effectiveness match measured empirical data? Third, how are causal effects among variables included in the finally confirmed causal relations models? 2. The method of the study The subjects of this study were a random sampling of 431 elementary school teachers in the city of Daegu and Gyungbook province. Measure instruments used in this study were four questionnaires: alternative leadership, school organizational culture, school restructuring, and organizational effectiveness. The questionnaires collected were coded for data processing. The statistical methods for data processing were Pearson's simple correlation and covariance structural analysis with SPSS and AMOS Program. 3. The results of the study First, there were significant correlation among alternative leadership, organizational culture, school restructuring and organizational effectiveness. Alternative leadership and organizational culture were figured out at .63 in correlation coefficient. The relations between alternative leadership and school restructuring were figured out at .62 in correlation coefficient. The relations between alternative leadership and organizational effectiveness were figured out at .64 in correlation coefficient. The relations between organizational culture and school restructuring were figured out at .59 in correlation coefficient. The relations between organizational culture and organizational effectiveness were figured out at .56 in correlation coefficient. And the relations between school restructuring and organizational effectiveness were figured out at .66 in correlation coefficient. Second, a covariance structural analysis was conducted to verify causal relations among research variables. The research analyzed the goodness of fit of the causal model as finally selected, and found that among absolute fit indices evaluating the overall fit of the models, chi-square (X^(2)) value came out high, but other fit indices came out higher than recommended levels; thus the models were considered acceptable. Third, the research analyzed the causal effects research variables of the causal model that resulted from an established research model based on theoretical backgrounds and proved to be a good model through experiential data, and it found that alternative leadership had causal effect on school restructuring with .57, and organizational effectiveness with .54. Also, school organizational culture had causal effect on school restructuring with .30 and organizational effectiveness with .29. School restructuring had causal effect on organizational effectiveness with .47. 4. Conclusions of the study First, alternative leadership, school organizational culture, school restructuring, and organizational effectiveness show a mutual correlation among these research variables. Second, alternative leadership and school organizational culture are important variables to explain school restructuring and organizational effectiveness, and school restructuring is an important variable to explain organizational effectiveness. Third, alternative leadership and school organizational culture have direct or indirect effect on teachers' commitment to the organization and on their job satisfaction through school restructuring. 5. Suggestions of the study First, teachers need to analyze the causal models of alternative leadership, organizational culture, school restructuring, and organizational effectiveness, depending on their individual backgrounds. Second, there is a need to research into what types of leadership and organizational culture have directly causal effect on school restructuring and organizational effectiveness. Third, there is a need for follow-up research to expand the models of this research to include student academic achievements and parents' involvement in school management as the criteria of organizational effectiveness. Lastly, there is a need to analyze more-detailed school-centered reform strategies in addition to the evaluation criteria for school restructuring established in this research.


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