초등학교 입학생에게 요구되는 '학습자 특성'에 대한 유치원 및 초등학교 교사의 지각
Learner's characteristics required for the First Graders; the perception by primary school and kindergarten teachers
교육심리 및 공학전공
초등학교 입학생 학습자 특성 유치원 교사 초등학교 교사;
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The purposes of this study were to extract the factor of Learner's characteristics required for the First Graders(LCRF) from the opinions which were given by elementary school and kindergarten teachers, and to compare the opinion differences of perception to LCRF between elementary school and kindergarten teachers by individual differences such as sex, school system which they were belong to, and others. The participants in this study were 166 elementary school teachers and 150 kindergarten teachers from the city of Changwon. The questionnaire which was used in this study contained 40 items which were results on analysis of the kindergarten curriculum and earlier studies on first grader readiness. The factor analysis was used to identify the learner characteristics which were expected to the first grader students. Also, t-test and variance analysis were used to compare the opinion differences to LCRF between the kindergarten and elementary school teachers by individual differences. The findings of this study were as follows: Six factors were identified; rule abiding, intellectual(verbal) skills, being community-minded, positive attitude toward school life, independence and skills related to the arts and physical education. Second, the elementary school teachers put more stress on independence, and the kindergarten teachers placed more stock in skills related to the arts and physical education. Third, the public kindergarten teachers gave more weight to independence, and the private kindergarten teachers put more emphasis on intellectual(verbal) skills. The kindergarten teachers who had career of one to five years considered intellectual skills more important than the kindergarten teachers with career of 11 to 20 years. And the kindergarten teachers who were in charge of 5-year-old children found intellectual skills more crucial than the kindergarten teachers who were in charge of children under five. Fourth, the elementary school female teachers prized being community-minded and independence more than the elementary school male teachers. And the elementary school teachers who had career of 11 to 20 years believed that it's more necessary for new students to abide rules and be independent. Besides, the teachers in charge of first and second graders placed more stock in rule abiding than the teachers in charge of fifth and sixth graders.