중소기업의 전자무역 활성화 방안
Plans to revitalize e-Trade of small & Medium Enterprises
중소기업 전자무역 무역거래 무역학;
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Through the latest trend of international organization, we can know the preparation for the trade which is not the document from the APEC is accelerated and it comes to be advised an advanced nations have to equip paperless trade until 2005 and developing country have to equip it until 2010 by APEC. It follows hereupon, Korean trade association have made efforts for base construction of the electronic trade paying attention to the ripple effect which the electronic trade will bring and national electronic Trade Commission come into a real activity in July 2003 but to a small and medium enterprise, it comes to feel distantly. Nevertheless, the reason why electronic trade is to be deal with impotance is caused by a small and medium enterprise have competitive power through reduction of marketing charge and manpower and have equipped the chance of new growth. In analysis data of the small and medium enterprises in domestic, it seems most of the small and medium enterprises use the service which is e-mail to trade plentifully and to an application degree, it will not be able to escape a contracting level. Also the use of trade relation site is very insufficient and most of enterprises showed an unsatisfaction against overseas market information which to be provided and a trade information update. But in a way, it appeared a large effect like the reduction of the overseas market intelligence report expense and hour shortening. Also many small and medium enterprises know electronic trade were convenient and important but it seemed they need the support of the government by manpower insufficiency and public finance reason. Relation of electronic trade, when it tries to observe the trend of the foreign nation, the United States, Japan and Singapore in link of national e-business strategy are propelling a electronic trade already with focus policy of the government. Also it passes by the discussion process which is active in the international organization which is APEC and OECD and U.N. for the international activation of electronic trade transactions. Specially in foreign countries, the civil first class enterprises lead a discussion in the electronic trade diffusion. this show the activation of electronic trade is necessary through the civil enterprise or the group. When it tries to observe the problem of a domestic small and medium enterprise through the analysis against this application present condition, it could be summarized with legal, technique and problem at infra and it was embossed with the problem point which manpower infra and the difference of governing structure. In result, to activate a electronic trade of domestic a small and medium enterprise, inside infra should be improved and it comes to be demanded the public support and the activation of government support trade site from national dimension. Also it comes to think very with the fact that it will be necessary with the base which will reach electronic trade platform construction which searches the element which hinders a electronic trade and present solution. The plan to be presented from this research is in part in multi process of trade. It is clear the support of the government and fixation of international standard will bring the activation of electronic trade. But the important thing is the small and medium enterprises understand the fact that electronic trade is the essential strategy to survive from 21 century global competitions.