타로를 활용한 집단상담이 주부의 자아실현에 미치는 효과
(The) Effects Of Group Counseling By Using Tarot On The Housewives' Self-Actualization
타로 집단상담 자아실현 주부대상;
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This study aimed at finding out the effect on housewives' Self-actualization by group counseling using Tarot. In this study 44 of housewives whose residence were located in C and J city, Gyungnam province, and wanted to participate in group counseling by tarot were included. Again, among them, at first, each 9 and 9 housewives were selected and called test and control group respectively, and next 13 and 13 housewives were selected on the same basis. Tarot program as the study tool was designed by Gallop (1981), who found out by comparing Maslow and Tarot that Tarot, unlike Maslow, had the method for Self-actualization in the last 7 cards of its major cards in accordance with need hierarchy of Maslow. This program was provided 3 hours a week, a total of 36 hours and 12 times. After program post-test as well as pre-test was imposed on both test group and control group. The measuring tool to test the effect of the program was Self-actualization test sheet which was introduced by Kim Jae-Un and Lee Guang-Ja (1991) who changed POI made by Shostrom in 1963 into it in favor of our conditions. In the analysis of the results from this program, to identify test group with control group, test was conducted, and to find out effect on Self-actualization the difference between groups (test and control group) and tests (pre-and post-test) was checked by Repeated Measure ANOVA. As a result of the study, it is suggested as a hypothesis that, in the score of Self-actualization, test group had significant difference between pre- and post-test. In particular, of 10 scales of Self-actualization, in 6 scales such as Inner-Directed, Self Actualizing Values, Self Acceptance, Existentiality, spontaneity, and Capacity for Intimate Contact, the variation was significant. So it is concluded that group counseling by tarot had effect on housewives' Self-actualization, and group counseling could use Tarot.