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(A) Study on the Relationship the Holy Spirit With the Church in the Gospel according to John
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The primary purpose of this research is to investigate the function of the Holy Spirit and the structure of the Church in the Gospel according to John, and to present the proper relationship between the Holy Spirit and the Church. Before exploring the relationship between the two, it is important to know clearly about the church and the Holy Spirit in John's Gospel. When closely examining the main verses witnessing the Holy Spirit based on its function in John's Gospel Chs 14-17, the Paraclete distinctively for John, is 'the Spirit of Truth', for those who have 'seen' Jesus, continuing Jesus' work of revealing truth. The Paraclete bear witness to Jesus and indeed he does not permit Jesus' words to be forgotten, but recalls the eternal life with the Holy Spirit. The Paraclete acts as Counsel for the defense, witnessing to the authority of Jesus' teaching. The teaching of the Paraclete is not separate from Jesus' teaching, but a continuation and deepening of it. The promise Jesus makes of the Holy Spirit to the disciples is suggesting that perhaps these words, rather than being from Jesus himself, reflect the situation of the evangelist viewing the empowerment of the Church by the Holy Spirit, enabling people to obey his words, and help and love one another. That is, the whole function of the Holy Spirit is to represent Christ and to ensure that his influence will continue in the Church. The figure of the Church presented in Ch 10 is the community for those who are Jesus' own. At the Church, they meet and associate with Jesus personally, grow their belief through the daily lives, and undertake the bigger missions by establishing the Good in collaboration than those the Lord gives them. Jesus takes them to the very Church, through which he takes care of and leads them. He enables them to enter the Church, listen to the Gospel, joyfully welcome Jesus, and enjoy the freedom and the abundance in life. Generally speaking, the key role of the Holy Spirit is to build the Churches throughout the world. The Holy Spirit gets one person by one person to believe in Jesus, make them be the saved people, and give them the gift of the Holy Spirit. It guides people to establish the Church as a community, through which the number of the saved people gets to increase, and make them love one another. This is the work of the Holy Spirit to construct the Church. Therefore, the Holy Spirit and the Church can be in the very intimate relationship and this relationship makes the Church with the fullness of the spirit exist. It is the organic relationship which makes the work of the Lord possible. It is the relationship of the creator and the creature, life and body, and the Ruler and the nation. The Church in fullness of the Holy Spirit expresses superbly the close relationship between the Holy Spirit and the Church. This is the contour of the Church the Lord intends to build on the earth. The term, "the fullness of the Holy Spirit", means to be captured thoroughly by the Holy Spirit and live in the guidance of the Holy Spirit. As mentioned before, for that reason, the Church filled with the Holy Spirit inspires and satisfies spiritual thirst, and suggests the only way to obtain the eternal life. The Church with the Holy Spirit declares the Christ's Gospel everyday and teaches, advises, and convicts the world, so only believers will have the privilege. The Church on the richness of the Holy Spirit gets the lost spirit back, grows it well with the Lord's words, shares the grace, the gift, and the charity of the Lord, and prays in the awakening with the Holy Spirit and in the efforts to obey the Lord's words and get together. In conclusion, knowing and teaching rightly the intimate relationship between the Holy Spirit and the Church is the only way to build the Church with the fullness of the Holy Spirit, overcoming the stagnated situations of the current churches.