간호사의 이직의사에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구
(An) Analysis of the Factors affecting Nurse's Intension to Leave The Job
보건정책 및 병원관리학과
간호사 이직의사 병원관리;
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Obstructives: This study was to analyze nurse's to leave their job in an effort to reduce of their separation on the nursing quality by keeping able nurses and thereby, contribute to development of the nursing profession, and ultimately, provide for some basic data useful to human resourse management for hospital administration. Methods: In order to anlyze the factors affecting nurse's intension to leave their job, 184 nurses working one general hospital in Seoul was sampled to be subject to a structured questionnaire survey conducted from Aprl 1 to 5, 2004. Results: It was found that subject's job characteristics, job engagemenet, job satisfaction, job stress and intention to leave their job scored 2.85, 2.98, 2.80, 3.28 and 2.47, respectively. As a result of analyzing the differences of the independent variables depending on nurses' demographic variables, it was found that nurses' job engagement differed significantly depending on their age, marital status, responsibility for their families, religion, positions, shift, departments, experience of having lefy their job, satisfaction with the current department, job satisfaction, etc. Nurses' job satisfaction differed significantly depending on their age, marital status, responsibility for their families, religion, acadimic backgrounds, shift, departments, experience of having been transferred to other department, motives for having been transferred to the current departments, satisfaction with the current department and job satisfaction. Meanwhile, nurses' job stress differed significantly depending on their satisfaction with their current departments. When the correlations among nurses' job engagement, job satisfaction, job stress and intention to leave their job were analyzed, it was found that there was a significant positive correlation between job engagement and job satisfaction. On the other hand, nurses' job satisfaction was negatively correlated with their job stress. In all, nurses' job engagement and job satisfaction were negatively correlated with intention to leave their job, while their job stress was positively correlated with intention to leave their job. Conclusions: As discussed above, the higher our nurses are engaged in their job, the more they are satisfied with their job and the less they are stressed, they intend less to leave their job. Such findings suggest that it is necessary to properly manage nurses' job engagenent, job satisfaction and job stress, while surveying the incumbent and former nurses for the factors affecting their intention to leave their jobs.