구강내 소수술시 혈압 및 맥박의 변화의 원인에 관한 임상적 연구
(A) Clinical Research on The Causes of Blood Pressure and Pulse Rate Changes in Adults During Minor Oral Surgery
구강 소수술 혈압 맥박;
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The objective of the present study was to determine the changes in blood pressure, pulse rate variability in adult during minor oral surgery. The study included 40 patient, 20 to 35 years of age, 20 patients were a man, the another 20 patients were a woman, who visited Seowon dental clinic for the third molar extraction. Digital monitoring was used to measure the blood pressure and pulse rate at the each stage. The stages were as follows. The first stage was a waiting period. The second stage was a preparation period. The third stage was a during anesthesia. The fourth stage was a 5 minute after anesthesia. The fifth stage was a during extraction. The sixth stage was a 5 minute after extraction. Local anesthetic containing 1:100,000 epinephrine was used to evaluate the blood pressure and pulse rate. Statistical analysis was performed by the multiple comparison method. These results suggest the mean of systolic pressure during the anesthesia was significantly increased to compare with the preparation and the waiting period. At the all stages, the mean systolic blood pressures of men were higher than those of women. The mean of diastolic pressure was not significantly differences, but the mean of diastolic at the all stages man was higher than woman. The mean of mean blood pressure was not significantly differences, but there was a tendency to increase at the stage 3, 5 with men and women. The mean of pulse rate was significantly difference at the stage 3, 5. At the all stages, the mean of pulse rates of women were higher than those of men. After 5 minutes of extraction, the pulse rates of men and women were decreased.