寒岡 鄭毬의 道學的 詩世界
(The) Ethic Poetic-World of Han Kang Jung gu
한시 한강 정구 시세계;
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The purpose of this study is to find out where Han Kang's poems stand in the literary history, clarifying his view of literature and looking into his poetic world minutely by analyzing his poems in detail. Han Kang(寒岡, 1543-1620) who belonged to Sa-rim-pa(士林派) always concentrated on visualizing ethics. The common attitude Confucianists of Sa-rim-pa(士林派) assumed was to emphasize ethics more than literature. Such an attitude naturally led to admiration for ancient classics. Han Kang also revealed literarily the world of learning he had achieved in the form of ancient classics, which he thought was the real and right literature. His ethic poems can be divided largely into three categories according to the subject. One is the poems concerning culturing ethics, which features cultivating one's mind; another about practicing ethics in societies, which deal with ruling others; the other is the poems where the idea of cultivating one's mind and ruling others is shown together. In the first form of poems, we can find two kinds of poems. One is the poems of pursuing the truth(居敬窮理), which search for the world of Confucian ethics through building up studies by oneself. The other is about learning and enjoying the truth. He embodied the ethic research process in the poems of pursuing the truth(居敬窮理). In these poems we can easily find the image of cultivating one's mind, searching the truth through disciplining oneself even when alone(謹獨). Han Kang' poems representing the spirit of enjoying the truth(樂道精神) visualized Confucian world shown in analects of Confucius poetically. The world of being content amid poverty and taking pleasure in acting in an honest way is mainly visualized in this form of poems. In the second form of poems, there are poems about worrying the security of the nation and longing for returning to one's old home. The one is about his effort to solve social problems with scholastic ability he achieved while the other about returning to his old home and devoting himself to studies, realizing his learning is insufficient. In the third form of poems, not only the cultivation of ethics but also the practice of ethics in society are shown together. The representative poem of this form is Mu-hul-gu-gok-ga(武屹九曲歌). In this poem Han Kang depicted the beauty of nature in the two ideological frames-the cultivation and the practice of ethics, enjoying the beautiful scenery of Mu-hul-gu-gok(武屹九曲). The idea of the cultivation of ethics was shown much more than one of the practice of ethics in this poem. The literary significance of Han Kang's poems can be found in that they succeeded ethic poems, in a growing way, of the sixteenth and seventeenth century when Neo-confucianism is at its full glory. Han Kang succeeded to the literary world of Jo-sik, which had been affected by Jung Yu Chang. He abided by the attitude that ethics was above literature more thoroughly than Kim Jong-Jik, Nam Hyo-On, and Lee Hwang. Han Kang, who understood Mu-i-gu-gok-ga(武屹九曲歌) of Ju Ja was a poem to show the steps to the world of enlightenment, composed his Muhulgugokga thinking he could achieve ethic enlightenment, step by step, when he approached Gu-gok(九曲). The poem became a model of Gu-gok-ga genre, along with Han-gu-dok-mu-i-ji-cha-gu-gok-do-ga-un-sip-su(閑居讀武夷志次九曲櫂歌韻十首) of Te-Gye. This study examined his view of literature, an ethic poetic-world, and the literary significance of his poems. Further study is needed to reveal the essence of ethic poetry, clearly at a glance, which passed through the Josun dynasty, by analyzing and finding the ethic poetic-world many Sarimpa(士林派) literary men showed.