R&D 공동연구의 유형별 성과요인 분석
(An) analysis of factors influencing the outcome according to forms of R&D collaboration
R&D 공동연구 성과요인;
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The importance of R&D collaboration has risen steadily as a consequence of the growing complexity, risks and costs of technological innovation. So many firms realized that collaborative R&D is an important component of their technology strategies. R&D collaboration can provide valuable supplementary technological knowledge for firms, building technological capacity. The aim of this study is to investigate factors affecting outcome of R&D collaboration through existing literatures, and to analyze whether factors affecting outcome differ among each type of R&D collaboration. Specially R&D collaboration in this study classifies three types, which include firm-university, firm-firm and firm-laboratory. Data from 95 large electronic manufacturing companies in Korea are used for this study. Following the majority of the theoretical suggestion in the literature I try to classify independent variables into characteristic of technology, partner and management. The data analyses indicate as follows. First, intimacy, project manager and a clear definition of objectives affect technical performance of R&D collaboration in firm and university. Second, generic technology, project manager, technological resources, a clear definition of objectives affect technical performance of R&D collaboration between firms. Third, trust, a clear definition of objectives affect technical performance of R&D collaboration in firm and laboratory. So a clear definition of objectives is a significant factor for technical performance of R&D collaboration. It implies that it is important to clear common objectives when organization begins R&D collaboration with other organizations.