개화기 기독교계 사립학교의 교육이념과 실제
(The)educational ideas and practices of missionary schools during the enlightenment period in Korea
기독교계 사립학교 교육이념;
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As Korea got off from isolation, opened the harbors and started to make contact with foreign countries, modern schools started to be built up. They were built especially by foreign missionaries who came to Korea in the late 19th century and from 1885 to 1910, amounted to some 900 private Christian schools ever since their first Baejae Hakdang. And also most of the schools before the 1900 were private Christian schools. As it shows that many schools built then and still existing which have helped in developing the education, are Christian schools, it is important that to study the development of Education of Korea, we must study the policies and ideologies of early Christian schools. Also, we need to take a look on the point that out of 24 Christian schools built until 1904, 11 were female schools and that in Dongrae, Mokpo and Incheon,there were only female schools built. Despite the hardship experienced by the missionaries, it is certain that the object was to spread Christianity to the helpless by giving them medical and educational aids. So, obviously they taught the students the Bible, and the Korean alphabets in order to read it, and the education of globalism, democracy and nationalism that is appropriate to set up the curriculum in accordance with the westernization of civilization and achieve the right ideology. Therefore, it is obvious that the early Christian schools were built for such the neglected people as the orphan, the poor, and women, and that they taught the education of globalism, science, nationalism and democracy. And because of this reason, despite the fact that all public and other national-group private schools built before 1900 have disappeared, the Christian schools have always been participating in educational developments so far. As the early Christian schools taught the education required by the era to the helpless people, they have left behind, the lesson that the value of helping the helpless can be admitted and appreciated by history. At this, the private missionary schools of Korea that are hugely responsible for the survival and way-out of the 21st public education of our middle and high schools heed to deeply consider this.