과학고등학교 학생들의 진학경로와 진로결정
(The) Career paths and Career decisions of Science High School Students
교육학과 교육심리 및 상담심리전공
중등교육 진학경로 진로결정;
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The purpose of this study was to search the career paths and the career decisions of the science high school students. Four male and three female students among 90 1st grade students had entered Daegu science high school in 2002, were picked by the method of snowballing. In this study, the method of in-depth qualitative interview as a data-gathering was done in order to search the participants' individual experiences in the process of career choices and decisions, and the qualitative analyse was executed. The results of analyse are arranged as follows: Firstly, nearly almost participants entered the science high school through the similar processes, for instance, taking part in the specific education for brilliant students or attending a lecture in the institute for entrance to a higher school. Secondly, their career courses are divided into KAIST and college in general meaning, and especially, the career course for university are divided into the department of science and others, for instance, the medical department, the educational department, or the police academy, etc. Thirdly, the types of establishing career or career aims are divided into the ostensive one and the undefined one. And a few participants have the undefined career aims, but their aims for entrance to a higher school are ostensive. Fourth, the methods of career decision are divided into the self-guided one and the identic one. Fifth, the styles of learning career information are divided into the active one and the passive one. Sixth, There are a lot of factors which gave some influences, when they had to decide the science high school entrance. These are the needs for specific education, the concerns for their aptitudes and interests, the advices of their parents or teachers, and the advices of their predecessors. On the other hand, when they have to decide the college entrance, they consider seriously the advices of their predecessors, the advices of their friends, the economic rewards, the economic stability, the reputation of the wanted university, the others' estimation, the registration fee, the curriculum of the college, and the college location. The result helps us to understand the differences between their tendencies in the career decision. The participants who establish their long-term career plans and have ostensive career aims, have a tendency of doing career decision actively. And they also have a tendency of gathering informations for career positively. On the other hand, the participants who have undefined career aims and take part in the interview passively, have a tendency of doing career decision in according to their parents or teachers' opinions. And they also have a tendency of learning the already-known informations passively without finding out actively.