국어 합성명사의 의미 형성기제에 관한 연구
(A) Study on the Semantic Structure and Formation of Korean Compound Nouns
합성명사 문장법 국어;
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The major purpose of this thesis is to examine the formative process and semantic change of compound nouns in Korean on the basis of Lakoff and Johnson's theory. There has not been much systematic study on the formation of compound nouns because of frequent semantic change and unstable combination of words. Compound nouns are viewed as cognitive mechanism using metaphor and metonomy. Through the analysis of compound nouns, we can understand that metaphor and metonomy play a great role in the formation of compound nouns. The first chapter discusses the concept of compound nouns through the literature review of the semantic and morphological research. In order to describe the internal structural features of compound nouns effectively, this study categorized various types of compound nouns into different categories. The second chapter presented and analyzed compound nouns by using the system of classification proposed by Lakoff and Johnson. It is said that metaphor and metonomy affect the formative process of compound nouns. To validate the effects of compounding upon figurative language, metaphor types were categorized into oriental, ontological, structural, and objective metaphors. Metaphors belonging to each category were put into more specific classification systems depending upon its features and combination types. Compound nouns consistent with the formation principle of metonomy were explained by means of part-whole and whole-part metonomies. Compound nouns fit in with both metaphor and metonomy formation rules were classified into ones combined with metaphor and metonomy. The formation and mechanism of transferred compound nouns lead to a discovery of certain changes in the original basic meanings in the words in the process of transformation through their newly acquired metaphoric and metonymic connotation. This thesis investigated the formative mechanism of metaphors and metonomies from the cognitive viewpoints analyzing transferred compound nouns and the process of semantic change in the data used in this study. In the chapter three, this study presented the brief findings and some suggestions for further study were offered. In conclusion, this thesis argues that most of the formative mechanism for compound nouns should be illustrated by Lakoff and Johnson's metaphor and metonomy theory. Traditional metaphor theory is also held to be effective in some parts of explanation.