Marion Richardson에 의한 초등학교 미술과의 상상화 지도 연구
(The)study of imaginary picture in the elementary school art department by Marion Richardson
iv, 77 p.
초등학교 미술교육 상상화지도;
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The purpose of education of art is to express desire of one's inner world and then to develop of humanism by harmonizing with the reason and the sensibility. It is good for development of thought, imaginative power and initiative by assessing oneself, expressing art through the united education of art department and language department. The need of the teaching of imaginary picture is that by imagination we regulate our customary thought and can make up of more reasonably. Imaginative power make the meaningful teaching which can reconstruct of the lessons possible. This can develop of the ability of the reason and the sensibility of a learner. The child always have a longing for imagination and fancy and they have potency to find out enjoyment with it. The creation of these expression can be helpful to develop of thought by which make the possible of various reasonable thinking. Especially meaning of the drawing imaginary picture is to develop of the dream of the child by expressing the child of their active spiritual activity and potency. This is Marion Richardson who only recognize of the potency of child and then can teach the imaginary expression to the child. She recognized the existence of primitive art and went into the Croce's aesthetics. Croce says that it is not different between the expression of artist and ordinary man for it is his expression. Then all the people can be artists. The whole is within the life of the individual because purely spiritually singolo is living in vita of tutto. All the expression of art is one's self and universo. By that Richardson pointed that it is the possibility of draw out of imagination for child to make a picture not just a subject itself. Cizek said that even the scrawl of the child can be carried out by their imaginary originality and then he said that we must extent the child's imaginary world. Child only express himself by imagination of the objects not just by seeing them. Richardson also know the imagination of the child, so she taught them to draw the objects with their mind. She took the children to draw the objects with their lips by closing their eyes. The result was amazing. That was the way to change colors and figures of child's imaginary words to real arts. So it is possible to draw a picture not with eyes but with imagination. She gave marks by colors and figures of imagination not by experience which just from training. She was the teacher who wanted of realization of children's ego. The way of education of Richardson has also another points. In the lesson She used the objects which can be good one not bad one. This study can conclude by the results of analysis of self assessment report and the appreciation book. A new subject matter can give the students to form various imagination and help them to express more originally. There are more student who like the subject matter by listening and we can see they are more interested in the imaginary ones. Many students said that it is a little elevation in the attitude and expression of study. There are ones who couldn't satisfy himself and take them to the lower place. But it is meaningful just them to think and assess about their works. By this study we can see that they like such an imaginary lesson and we can improve the power of thought of them. From 5 times lesson and 2 times self assessment report, I now know well that teacher must try to develop various subject material for students. They were just 3rd grade of elementary school so they dont fully think about the meaning of the work. In the future we must supplement this limit by experiencing them more works. In this study, we can see that students can have the mind of love of arts and desire of continuing study. It is meaningful that this study gives the way of elevating of effectiveness of another lesson and also it improves the power of thoughts, imagination and originality.