바울서신에 나타난 소마(sw'ma) 로서의 인간이해
(A) Study on Paul's Anthropology as Body(sw'ma) in His Epistles
성서신학과 신약학 전공
바울서신 소마 인간이해 신학;
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This thesis has its purpose to establish Paul's understanding of human being by researching and analyzing sw'ma, the term for the human body, appeared in the letters of Paul. Generally, most Christians have considered the human spirit as the simple, nonmaterial, and immortal substance while the human flesh as a prison of soul and the root of evil. This idea came from the Platonic tradition not from the tradition of Christianity. People often have believed that both traditions are the same or the former had been affected by the latter. It is natural to use the anthropologic term of Hellenism for Paul who lived in and spread the gospel in the world of Hellenism. However, it does not verify that he accepted the Hellenistic understanding of human being. It is widely recognized that Paul stood firmly in the Hebrew tradition and reinterpreted the term from Hellenism world in the particular situation where he had been placed. However, the problem is that most researches are so emphasized on analyzing the anthropologic concepts Paul used that they could not reveal the historical situation where they are used. They prove that Paul's anthropology is different from Plato's dualism, but what they called Paul's anthropology there was not Paul's anthropology but the anthropology of that time, in other word existentialism anthropology. The theories of scholars are divided regarding what religion and thought affected the enthusiastic believers in the church at Corinth and whether it occurred voluntarily from the community or it flowed in from the outside. Examples can be suggested such as mystic religion, Gnosticism, Hellenic materialism, and Greek gods. No matter what it is, one thing is clear that it has a close relationship with understanding of human being in Hellenic Dualism, with respect to the point that their understanding of human being disregards human flesh and pursues for participating heavenly salvation. Paul tried to correct their understanding of human being to see it is dangerous because the understanding not only makes individual concentrate on their spiritual salvation only out of their real life but also destroys the community, the body of Christ. The thesis studies the viewpoint of Paul on the understanding of human being by examining how the anthropologic concepts in the letters of Paul are interpreted and used mainly focusing on the term of anthropology.