사도행전에 나타난 예루살렘 교회 연구
(A) Study on The Jerusalem Church in Acts
신학과 신약신학 전공
사도행전 예루살렘 교회;
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The purpose of this thesis is to find out the theological subject and character appeared in the sermon of Stephen by commenting on the sermon in Acts, Chapter 7 and to consider the theological intention of Luke who edited the sermon of Stephen. The study has its importance on learning the relationship between the sermon and the intension of Luke in editing and how Luke applied the sermon under the entire prospect, understanding the intension of the text, the structural function, and the subject by analyzing the contents, the background, and the concepts appeared in the sermon, considering the main ideas, the background, and the contents of his sermon in Acts by approaching the matter of Luke's use of the material. It is observed that the sermon of Stephen doesn't only report the simple note of the conflict between Hebrews and Hellenists which early church had, further, it express the theological meaning and the intension of Luke in editing who tried to emphasize the reason and necessity of the Gentile mission by reinterpreting the conflict. The Acts is a collection of Old Testament and New Testament such as the prophet tradition, the Jesus tradition, the sermons of Peter, Paul, and Stephen, and so on. In this study, the theological meaning is examined by investigating the material and the background of the sermons of Stephen and observing the position, the meaning, the editing, and the composition of the sermons of Stephen in the whole structure of Luke. The study finds out the community features of the early church in a society which, through Stephen, Hellenist, shows the cultural disagreement on the concept of Temple between Hebrew Jews and Grecian Jews and clarifies the importance of Stephen and his position. It also understands the conflict of the early Christian community with Judaism regarding the Jerusalem temple, the claim on the temple appeared in the sermon of Stephen, and the death of Stephen which finally plays a role of a bridge to the new era of the global mission through Paul. On the other, chapter two is finalized by dealing thoroughly the sermon of Stephen and the background, the ideas, and the matter of materials. In the chapter three, it examines, based on the commentary of the text, the theological meaning of each part by classifying Abraham, Joseph, Moses, and Temple concept. It studies the typological function of Abraham as a hero of Christian belief and the Christological function of Joseph according to form criticism and the connection point between the global mission for gentiles and the history of Old Testament lead to Moses and the Temple concept. It observes the theological intention of the text which Luke, an author of the gospel, collected to edit in persecution of the time and analyzes the conflict situation of early church in Jerusalem with a sociological approach. In conclusion, it overviews the theological contents and insight appeared in the sermon of Stephen and present its theological function and meaning.