요한복음서의 선한 목자 모티프 연구
(The) Good Shepherd Motif in the Gospel of John
신학과 신약신학 전공
요한복음서 선한목자 모티프;
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The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the role and function of the good shepherd motif in the Gospel of John. I have employed narrative criticism as the basic method to find out the meanings of the shepherd narrative for the reader. Chapter one introduces the previous research of the shepherd narrative text(John 10:1-21) in brief and points out its limitations. Although previous scholars entered into the study of John 10 with various methodology, many of them remained only in the framework of chapter 10. Therefore, I attempt to rely on the good shepherd motif as an interpretive tool to interpret John's Gospel as a whole. Chapter two analyzes the structure of the whole Gospel and discloses the position of the sheperd narrative in the structure in relation to the rest of the Gospel. The coherence of John 9 and 10 can be disclosed by analyzing the text syntactically. This structural analysis shows that the shepherd narrative in ch. 10 has the central place in the whole structure of the Gospel. Chapter three presents the good shepherd motif as a critical literary vehicle which provides a new commentary on the Johannine text. Here I argue that Jesus' self-declaration contains sacrifice and relationship motifs by interpreting the text of the shepherd narrative in ch. 10. Chapter four investigates the development of the good shepherd motif in the Gospel. The good shepherd motif develops through four levels: preliminary, development, climax and expansion. I notice that it is reflected and echoed in other narratives. Chapter five deals with the good shepherd motif from the theological point of view. It functions as a vehicle conveying John's christological understanding to the reader, related to various christological titles in the Gospel. Its relationship to the soteriology is rooted in the good shepherd's sacrifice and relationship motifs. Jesus' voluntary self-sacrifice proves him a true giver of life. Unlike the synoptic gospels, John pays attention to the possession of life at present as well as in the future, which is characteristic of John's soteriology. It is concerned with the soteriological experience of the Johannine community in the first century. The final chapter summarizes and concludes the discussion above. Jesus' ministry as a good shepherd is not only concerned with the theme of the shepherd narrative but also the whole Gospel. Furthermore, it provides an ideal model for every shepherd in church. He or she must have the mutual knowing and loving relationships with the sheep of God, learning from Jesus' good shepherdship. Thus, the good shepherd motif should continue to expand.