생성문법내 경제원리와 공범주
Economy Principles and Empty Categories in Generative Grammar
영어영문학과 영어학 전공
생성문법 경제원리 공범주;
- 원문 URL
The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the economy principles concerning syntactic derivations and representations, within a generative syntactic framework developed by Chomsky(1957, 1965, 1980, 1995, 2001). Specifically, I discuss how the empty categories almost ever presented in the derivational process reflect the economy principle as the generative grammar has made progress. There seem to be overt syntactic objects and covert syntactic objects among lexical items which operate not only during derivations but also on representations. The latter, which is called empty categories, is not pronounced, and provides with descriptive adequacy and explanatory adequacy for the establishment of generative theory. From the initial stage of generative grammar by Chomsky(1957) to the current minimalist generative grammar by Chomsky(2001), there seem to have always been many researches on the entity and property of empty categories related to syntactic derivations and representations. In a nutshell, the sorts and properties of empty categories vary depending on the frames of generative theory, and further researches for their roles in syntactic structures have been on the way. In this paper, I assume that any empty category is subject to the economy principle not only during derivations but also on representations throughout the generative framework. In other words, the empty category principle tells us that we have to use empty categories, if possible, during the derivations and on the representations of syntactic constructions. In this regard, I propose the following economy principle like (3) in 'introduction' related with using empty categories: (3) Principle of empty category in derivation/representations Use empty categories in derivations and representations of syntactic constructions if they do not induce crashed structures. This dissertation is organized as follows: Chapter 1 is an introduction. Chapter 2 introduces the basic concept of the economy principle in terms of the development of generative grammar. It has been found that the so-called economy principle has been gradually realized: the phrase structure rules replaced by the X-bar theory, the transformational rules by various constraints, the concept of rules shifted by principles and parameters, the X-bar theory supported by the θ-theory, etc. Chapter 3 examines how the initial stage of generative grammar accounts for the empty categories. In Chomsky(1957), lexical items combine into a deep structure; the deep structure applied to transformational rules generates a surface structure. In this operational process, empty categories cause no damages to the meaning and the well-formedness of syntactic structures, while satisfying the economy principle. Chapter 4 explores the sorts and properties of the empty categories the government and binding theory takes in terms of the economy principle. Here six principles such as θ-theory, case theory, government theory, binding theory, bounding theory, and subjacency theory lay down an empirical and theoretical background for the empty category principle. Chapter 5 examines the empty categories from the minimalist point of view. First of all, in the minimalist program, every computational operation is minimal, in that selection, merge, move and checking are binary―every derivation is cyclic. Also any representation is minimal, because only the levels PF and LF are allowed. Chapter 6 shows how empty categories realize the economy principle within the minimalist framework. Some empirical evidence of empty categories can be found in the derivations and representations. All through the derivational process― selection, merger, attract/move and checking― every operation is cyclic. Empty categories undergo the same process as overt categories do. Empty categories also comply to the economy principle with respect to the representations in the same way as overt categories do. Empty categories realize the economy principle by removing the burden of pronunciation and at the same time by function as overt categories. That is why empty categories are economical. Chapter 7 summarizes the conclusions reached.