우리나라 벤처지원정책에 대한 평가와 향후방향
Venture Companies: Support Policy and Prospects
우리나라 벤처지원정책 평가;
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The era of 'Digital Revolution' is upon us with agriculture and industry advancing in great leaps. Every nation in our increasingly globalized world aggressively supports the venture industry to encourage each nations competitive power. The economic characteristics of the venture industry are primarily economies of scope and a law on increasing returns, as well as geographical agglomeration. It means that the venture industry boosts the synergy effect by reflecting agglomeration economies. The core elements consist of venture enterprise as a manufacturer, venture capital as a customer and the KOSDAQ and M&A as dissolver. The basic elements describe Angel as an unofficial venture capital and the formulation of the venture complex through venture incubation as basic networks among industries, universities and research institutes. The external elements are the government policies aimed at developing the venture industry combined with the general status of venture industry overseas. The purpose of our government policy in stimulating venture industry particularly stresses the adjustment and enhancement of its structural competitiveness. However, such support policy has created problems such as duplicate investment, abuse of short-term policy and weakness of spontaneity among venture enterprises. Thus, the government should respect market functions and place their major effects on establishing venture infrastructure such as solving the digital gap in the arena of information system. Furthermore, it is necessary to prevent redundant policies and excessive support by establishing harmony among policies between government bureaus. The government should also expand investments with regard to the accumulation of intellectual property. The government should also derive long-term policies to achieve technical progress and hegemony rather than deriving direct support for venture industries.