사도행전에 나타난 초기 공동체의 신학적 성격 연구
Study on the theological characteristics of the early community reflected on the Acts of Apostles
신학과 신약신학 전공
사도행전 초기공동체 신학적성격;
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The process of the early church's formation and missionary works is made by the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ the descent of the Holy Spirit and the testimony of the apostles on the mentioned facts. We can see this process from the first half(1:1-8:3) of the Acts of Apostles. The testimony and expanse of the Good News and formation of church were carried out by the disciples of Jesus Christ on the base of the life and teaching of Jesus Christ. The works of Jesus was not only for the selected group of disciples but for all the lsrael, and was ultimately focused on Jerusalem. His disciples made different activities from those of the Essenes who were similar to the Works of Jesus or from those of the passionate men of apocalyptic literature who waited for the immediate advent of the Son, separated from the society. Most of His disciples who were based on Galilee moved to Jerusalem. The disciples tried to contact all the Israel from Jerusalem. Many Diaspora Hebrews gathered into Jerusalem during the season of pilgrimage. The disciples were looking forward to the coming salvation(Acts 2:1-4). Of course, it is true that there were activities of testimony from the early times among Judea, Galilee and Diaspora(Acts 9:31, Galatians 1:22). Behind this testimony there were the resurrectron of Jesus and the dispatch of the witnesses reinforced by the Advent of Holy Spirit on the Whitsuntide. The early missionary activities of the primitive church were completed by the apostles consigned from the resurrection of Jesus. And missionaries accompanying the apostles appeared, who were full of Holy Spirit and consigned from the community. The rapid expanse of missionary activities was originated from the change of that the lives of the disciples were changed to those to testify the Good News. The early church has been always admired as it was considered as realizing the Christianity in the most genuine way. In spite of the continuous critics influenced by the retrocession theory and the exaggeration and excessive simplification of the normative nature of the early church, there is no doubt on that the Early Church had been one of the greatest marks in the Church History.