여호사밧의 민중 지향적 개혁에 대한 연구 : 역대하 19장을 중심으로
(The) Study on the Judicial Reform of Jehoshaphat for Minjung
신학과 구약학 전공
여호사밧 민중지향적 개혁 역대하;
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The aim of this thesis is to analyse the judicial reform of Jehoshaphat in ch. 19 of 2 Chronicles and to show that the judicial reform of Jehoshaphat was a one for Minjung. Jehoshaphat decided to do religious reform during his reign(2 Chronicles 17: 3~6). Until now studies on the Chronicles have been focused mainly on the reforms of Hezekiah and Josiah. The reforms of Hezekiah and Josiah were religious reforms. But Jehoshaphat's reform was a judicial reform rather than religious one. W. F. Albright studied the judicial reform of Jehoshaphat and showed similarities between laws of Haremhab's and Jehoshaphat's judicial system. Egypt influenced ruling systems of Israel. Currently Jeong, seog-kyu analysed the structure of ch. 19 of 2 Chronicles. He did comparative study on the reforms of Haremhab and Jehoshaphat. Through this study he found out that the intention of Jehoshaphat's reform was to get an effective central control of the government. In his study he found out similarities between the laws of Haremhab and laws of Jehoshaphat. His study has a meaning in the sense that the reform of Jehoshaphat was influenced by judicial system of old near east. But his study overlooked the real intention of the reform of Jehoshaphat. He could not see that the judicial reform of Jehoshaphat was a Minjung oriented reform with the faith of YHWH. On the one hand Jehoshaphat continued the religious reform practised by his father Asa, on the other hand he tried to prevent injustice in the process of trials. If we read the reform of Jehoshaphat with the eye of Minjung, we can find that the reform of Jehoshaphat had not only the intention to rule the country effectively but it was a Minjung oriented reform. YHWH loves all the people on earth but He loves especially ordinary people, Minjung. He wants a peaceful world without oppression and exploitation in the communities. YHWH is the Lord of history and the master of history. In the history He liberates people from oppression and exploitation. He protects his people from oppressions and exploitations. The reform of Jehoshaphat established the organization and order for justice for the people in trials. We could conclude that the reform of Jehoshaphat was a reform for the simple people, Minjung. The king, Jehoshaphat was deep interested in the lives of the people, Minjung. He wanted the embodiment of the will of God in the lives of the people. Consequently he called the people of Juda to come back to God during his travelling the country. During his travelling he felt the need of judicial reform. Trials at that time were injustice and partial with bribery. So trials made victims. The victims were mainly simple people, Minjung. Jehoshaphat wanted to correct the wrong processes. He wanted to protect victimised Minjung from the injustice and partial trials. Jehoshaphat thought that the trial should be fair and impartial. It should be a just trial. The trial should be done according to the law of the LORD. Through the reform of Jehoshaphat the people enjoyed the just and impartial trial.