이 시대의 바른 성령이해에 대한 연구 : J. Moltmann의 '생명의 영'과 M. Welker의 '하나님의 영'을 중심으로
(A) study on the right way to understand the holy spirit in the contemporary world : in the light of the J. Moltmann's geist des lebens and the M. Welker's gottes geist
신학과 조직신학 전공
성령이해 J. Moltman M. Welker;
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The aim of this study is to pursue a right way to understand the Holy Spirit in the contemporary world. It seems to be true that academic value of pneumatology within christian theology has been in relatively meager status, in comparison with that of both the Trinity and Christology. Moreover, it seems that there have been a variety of confusions about understanding the Holy Spirit; often fomented under the influences of varied movements regarding the Holy Spirit, which have newly been brought about. Considering above backgrounds, it should be emphasized that the necessity of understanding the Holy Spirit in a right way yet remains as a significant issue to us. The two volumes, produced by Moltmann and Welker, respectively, developed theories of the Holy Spirit, which obtained an evaluation that they offer a new paradigm of understanding the Holy Spirit that meet such needs as above. Their theories have such characteristics that they not only absorb traditional theories but also put a focus on reestablishing partial issues, often overlooked by traditional theories. The author of the present thesis would like to offer a right direction of understanding the Holy Spirit that we need in the comtemporary world, by comparing the two above-mentioned theories, and by focusing on their characteristics. Their theories are said to be holistic pneumatology, which are well-balanced enough to comprehend not only the totality of human beings such as social relations in communities, but also encompass the entirety of creatures, such as the earth, nature, and the cosmos. The truly required pneumatology of today does not merely involve the salvation of human souls; rather, it is supposed to involve the entire human beings that have flesh or body; thus, the Holy Spirit affirms the life of human beings, and infuses vivaciousness into their lives. And the Holy Spirit is the one who involves personal salvation, and allows us to form communities and vivifies these as well. The Holy Spirit, thus, is not the one who wishes us to be self-effacing and be discrete from the world; The Holy Spirit is the one who establishes the justice and peace in the community, and within our social relations and rapports with others. Furthermore, the Holy Spirit is the one who does not only reside in the human community but does involve the salvation of the earth, and the creatures in nature; therefore, the Holy Spirit is the one who craves that we human beings would be harmonized with the earth and nature, and be dignified along with these. When in need of understanding better the peumatology in the comtemporary world, such a direction, suggested as above, is so significant as to rectify undesired ways of comprehension of the Holy Spirit, in which we have patently or latenly been involved; at the same time, it helps us to evade from the distortions of life and of beliefs that originate from such miscomprehension.