기독교 집단상담이 기독교 학생과 비기독교 학생들의 자존감 증진에 미치는 영향 : 천안정보고등학교 학생을 대상으로
(The) Effects of Christian Group Counseling to EnhanceSelf Esteem of the Christian and Non-Christian Students : The Students of Cheonan Information High School
천안대학교 기독교 전문대학원
집단상담 기독교학생 비기독교학생;
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The purpose of the study is aimed at finding out the effect of christian group counseling that has done to the first?year students of the Cheonan Information High School, in order to enhance self-esteem as the most important mental resource. Total 80 students were selected as the sample object to practice the christian group counseling intended to encourage self-esteem: the 20 students of them, group A, convincing of their salvation with voluntary church attendance, the another 20 students of them, the group B, who are not sure of their salvation with regular attendance, the another 20 students of them, group C, who have affirmative attitude toward christian faith as non-christian, and the rest 20 students, group D, who have negative perspective to the christian faith as non-christian. The result of the christian group counseling is as follows; In the popular-sociological character of the object of the study, firstly, the result shows that self-esteem, in the sexual differences, of the male students and that of the female have no meaning statistically, that even though the degree of satisfaction to school life is increased in proportion to self-esteem, there is no meaning statistically, and that self-esteem, in terms of friendship, is also grown in direct proportion to the number of friends. In addition, according to the result of a pre-test what the inclinations toward christian faith could influence self-esteem, the degrees of self-esteem are decreased along with the order below: the group A convinced of the salvation with regular church attendance, the group D having negative perspective to the faith as non-christian, group C having an affirmative attitude toward christian faith as on-christian, and the group B not convinced of the salvation with regular attendance. After all, the result reveals that the more faithful christians have higher self-esteem, that the non-christian students are inclined strongly to depend on themselves, and that those has not been convinced of their salvation even with constant church attendance marked the lowest level of self-esteem. As the result, it became known that christian group counseling is needed for them. Secondly, according to the post-examination on self-esteem on the next day after practicing christian group counseling nine times so as to search into the effect on the self-esteems of the high school students classified by the inclination toward christian faith, self-esteems are increased in consecutive order as follows: the group B's students who do not believe the salvation even with regular services, the group D's students who are the non-christians adhering to negative standpoint toward Christian faith, the group C's students who have positive attitude toward christian belief as non-christian, and the group A's students who believe their salvation with regular church attendance. Lastly, according to the post-examination on self-esteem after having practiced christian group counseling for seven months, in order to examine what the counseling would affect to maintain self-esteem, the figures of self-esteem were decreased. It could be analyzed that for two months, winter vocation, there was no chance to share dynamic group life between counselor and students and among them. However, the sequence of the improved figures of self-esteem is stood in a row like this: C, B, A, and D. In the perspective of comprehensive effects of christian group counseling, the self-esteem of the high school was generally improved and, from the fact that the group C is the most improved group, it becomes evident that positive counseling is needed to non-christians. Also, from the fact that the group B's students who have the lowest self-esteem not convinced of the salvation with regular attendance is the second improved group, it appeals strongly the necessity of christian counseling by means of concern and love so as to establish firm belief of christian students. In addition, from the fact that the group A's students who are convinced of the salvation with regular attendance showed improved result, it becomes obvious that all the christian students are also needed christian counseling. Lastly, from the fact that non-christians who have negative perspective toward christian belief showed betterment of their self-esteem, though it was the least improved level, the fact is also ascertained that christian counseling should practice any non-christians in season and out of season. A sense of self and self-esteem formed in adolescence are the very keys that decide youth's future. If youth who has raised with deformed self-image and low self-esteem due to the exam-oriented education system and uncultured human nature, could recover the pride as son and daughter of God and grown up as servant for neighbors and country accepting God's love and grace by christian counseling, it would be much expectable that there are hopes for them and country in the future with achievement of christian education for the whole man.